This tips date back to the early 1800s in America. Some of them may not be safe.
The following method of giving any species of wood of a close grain the appearance of mahogany in texture density, and polish, is said to be practiced in France, with such success that the best judges are incapable of distinguishing between the imitation and mahogany. The surface is first planed smooth, and the wood is then rubbed with a solution of nitrous acid. One ounce of dragon’s blood is dissolved in nearly a pint of spirits of wine; this and one-third of an ounce of carbonate of soda are then to be mixed together, and filtered, and the liquid in this thin state is to be laid on with a soft brush. This process is to be repeated, and, in a short interval afterward, the wood possesses the external appearance of mahogany. When the polish diminishes in brilliancy, it may be restored by the use of a little cold-drawn linseed oil.
One part Sand, Two parts ashes and three parts Clay—it is said will make a cement as hard as marble & impenetrable by water.
Paste that is Paste
Dissolve an ounce of alum in a quart of warm water; when cold, add as much flour as will make it into the consistence (sic) of cream; then strew into it as much powdered rosin as will stand on a shilling, and two or three cloves; boil it to a consistence, (sic) stirring all the time. It will keep for twelve months, and when dry may be softened with water.
1Martin Marshall, the compiler of the items included in the present book, was born on May 4, 1782, in Richland County, South Carolina, near the present city of Columbia. His family moved to the Territory of Alabama by 183. These recipes are notes in his journal which were published in The Alabama Historical Quarterly, Vol 2, No. 3, Fall Issue 1940