Days Gone By - stories from the past

On November 7, 1839 General George Culvert, the head Chief of the Choctaw Nation, died

Note from Donna Causey: Everything written below is an exact transcription (with possible misspellings) from the From Cahawba Democrat (Cahaba, Alabama) February 1, 1840, so it was written shortly after his death.– I have no idea if words were misspelled. According to the news article George Culvert born 1744 served under General Anthony Wayne. 


George Culvert, a head chief and warrior of the Choctaw nation, was born in 1744. He died at Fort Towson, Arkansas November 1839. When the Choctaw and Chickasaw were displaced from their lands in the southeastern United States, the fort served as a point of dispersal upon their arrival in the west. Culvert probably went there as part of the removal of the Native Americans from the Southern States.

Served under Washington in the American Revolution

He served under Washington in the revolution, and from him received a commission of major of militia in the U. S. service and a sword. He served under Gen. Anthony Wayne, and also under General Jackson against the Seminoles in 1814. For his bravery, Jackson presented him with a colonel’s commission, and afterward (during his presidency) with a sword. He educated his sons and established them on plantations among his people.

From Cahawba Democrat (Cahaba, Alabama) February 1, 1840

DEATH OF COL CULVERT

Extract of a Letter from an Officer in the United States Army

FORT TOWSON1,(ARKANSAS) NOVEMBER 7, 1839

“We this day buried, with the honors of War, General George Culvert, the head Chief of the Choctaw Nation, a man of superior intelligence, the greatest of Warriors, and the white man’s friend. He was a Revolutionary veteran; he served under General Washington in our struggle for Independence, from whom he received a commission of Major of Militia in the United States service, and a sword. He served under General Wayne, and also under General Jackson, in the Florida War of 1814, against the Seminoles; for his bravery, General Jackson presented him with a Colonel’s commission, and afterwards a sword, when President of the U. States. He gained the entire confidence of the officers he served under for his integrity and valor; he was physically and mentally a great man; although 95 years of age, he walked as upright as a man of 25.”

Gen. Anthony Wayne

“The commanding officer, on having received and read the commissions, ordered an escort from the fort of three officers, a captain, and two subalterns, also all the men doing military duty, to escort his corpse to its last resting place with reversed arms, and buried his remains with the customary salut (sic) due his rank; he was interred with his saddle and bridle, the swords presented to him by Generals Washington and Jackson, and a United States flag. He was of great importance to the cause of civilization among his people, by examples of industry; he was a planter, his fields of cotton whitened the hills and dales near the fort. He educated his sons, and located them on plantations among his people, which worked a moral influence among them; he was looked up to as a father, and exercised a father’s influence over his people.” (National Intelligencer)

1Fort Towson was first established to protect the southern border of the Indian Territory against Spanish colonies to the south. After Indian Removal and the resettlement of the Choctaw in the area, the fort was revived to protect Doaksville, a mile to the west. It became the economic capital of the Choctaw Nation.

SOURCE

  • The New American Cyclopaedia, George Ripley, Charles Anderson Dana D. Appleton, 1868
  • Cahawba Democrat (Cahaba, Alabama) February 1, 1840

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By (author): Donna R Causey
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About Donna R Causey

Donna R. Causey, resident of Alabama, was a teacher in the public school system for twenty years. When she retired, Donna found time to focus on her lifetime passion for historical writing. She developed the websites www.alabamapioneers and www.daysgoneby.me All her books can be purchased at Amazon.com and Barnes & Noble. She has authored numerous genealogy books. RIBBON OF LOVE: A Novel Of Colonial America (TAPESTRY OF LOVE) is her first novel in the Tapestry of Love about her family where she uses actual characters, facts, dates and places to create a story about life as it might have happened in colonial Virginia. Faith and Courage: Tapestry of Love (Volume 2) is the second book and the third FreeHearts: A Novel of Colonial America (Book 3 in the Tapestry of Love Series) Discordance: The Cottinghams (Volume 1) is the continuation of the story. . For a complete list of books, visit Donna R Causey

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8 comments

  1. Brenda Betts- DeShields

    I was wondering if this may be Chief George Colbert & there was just a spelling error? Thanks

    1. Brenda Betts- DeShields

      The picture has a name on the bottom “General Anthony Wayne”http://military.wikia.com/wiki/George_Colbert

  2. KellieAnne Smith Foreman

    why are showing a picture of his oppressor vs him?

    1. Alabama Pioneers

      The news article and letter from 1840 states that Chief George Culvert born 1744, served in the American Revolution under General Anthony Wayne. There was no picture of Chief George Culvert who died in 1839. I discovered this article in the Cahawba Democrat (Cahaba, Alabama) February 1, 1840 and the article and letter have been transcribed exactly as published in the paper with misspelled words etc. The letter was written by people who knew Chief George Culvert when he died.

  3. Darby Weaver

    George Washington Cole Byrd – short was Colbert. They obscured the names of the Byrd Family of Cole’s Creek and Bayou Cheraw/Chehaw/Sara aka Saraland in Mobile CountyAlabama near Mauvilla and Kahlioka and Kushla.

    Every tribe has a derivative of the names.

    George Washington Byrd and the other Byrd received land patents exactly in the same area I speak of.

    Darby Weaver
    The Tribal Leader

  4. Darby Weaver

    They show the name of the Byrd Family – the Mobile and Washington County Band of Choctaw Indians who did not remove.

    The Mount Vernon aka Washington aka Jefferson Davis Barracks and Arsenal are right here for the benefit of the Bird/Byrd Familiy of the Okla HANNALI.

    We, the PEOPLE – OKLA

  5. Fort Towson is located in southeast Oklahoma, north of Paris, Texas. It is not in Arkansas.

  6. Diane English

    I am related to Byrd family from Monroe and Butler Counties. Two Girls married into the English family.

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