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The removal of the Native Americans caused murders to be committed

(This has been transcribed from Chapter Two – Jefferson County and Birmingham History 1887 by Teeple & Smith Publishers)


Great excitement in Jefferson County

About the year 1836 great excitement was caused in Jefferson County, Alabama in consequence of the hostile attitude of the Seminole and Creek Indians, especially the latter.

The treaty which had recently been concluded between the General Government and Indians for their removal to the West caused great dissatisfaction among a large portion of them, and several murders were committed between Montgomery and Columbus, Georgia, and other outrages, which finally resulted in a state of war.trail_of_tears_map2

Governor called for volunteers

The Governor made a call for volunteers, and Jefferson County, as usual in such cases, responded promptly, and a company of near 100 men was soon raised, and James McAdory was elected captain.307_Elyton-Land-Co-BWWB

I forget the names of the other officers, or I would gladly give them, as they were a gallant set of boys, and spent a hot summer in the sickly climate, at that time, of South Alabama, serving faithfully till the object of the campaign was accomplished, and the hostile Creeks were captured and .sent via Montgomery and Mobile by water to their new homes. The captain and most of his men returned, but several contracted disease which finally proved fatal.

Regiment sent to Florida

About the same time a regiment commanded by Colonel Dent, of Tuscaloosa, was sent to Florida against the Seminoles. There were some of the Jefferson boys in that expedition, but their names are not recollected. In that campaign the gallant Mims Jemison was killed.

A fine regiment from Tennessee, under the command of General Armstrong, passed through our county near that time on their way to Florida. Some of the best blood of the Volunteer State was spilled on the ‘Tampas’ desert strand.” In that campaign I recollect that Colonel Guild and one of General Carroll’s sons were among them, and I think the immortal Cheathum was also with them, but am not certain.

They spent several days resting and recruiting for the long march at the fine country residence of Colonel Dupuy one and a half miles south of Birmingham.

Land belonged to the Colonel

At that time the land on which Birmingham is located, and all between that and his residence, belonged to the Colonel, and with genuine Virginian hospitality he threw open his parlors and well-filled cribs to the volunteers and their horses, and they had a good time for about a week, but unfortunately while there the measles broke out in the camp and was left in the family, by which misfortune the Colonel lost twenty likely young negroes, worth about $10,000. I have always thought that he should have been reimbursed from the United States Treasury, but as that kind of property was not very popular with the majority in Congress all applications for compensation by our representatives in Congress have been refused.

The remainder of the Creek tribe which had not been sent by water soon after passed through Elyton, and rested a short time there on their march to their new homes. I recollect noticing the chiefs as they sat on the piazza of the Taylor Hotel, and I think a finer looking set of men, consisting of some twenty or more, were seldom seen together.

If there is any truth in phrenology, I don’t think they would have suffered by comparison with the Congress of the United States, which, at that time, contained such men as Clay, Webster, Crittenden, Menifee, Underwood, Graves, Bell, Grundy, etc.

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29 comments

  1. Donna Verdi Smith

    Gina Boulware Willis did you see this?

    1. To me, this is surely one of the saddest or worst page of our history and not just for Alabama. It is a blot on the entire nation.

  2. JoAnn Kyzer Doty

    Very shameful. Some treaties were done without the consent of all the people. The removal was our Holocaust.

  3. Dan Cooper

    What a sad sad time in American history

  4. Wade McCoy

    I live in Oklahoma. It’s odd that our Eufaula is also on a lake. As many of you may know Eufaula is ONE of the county seats of Barbour Co AL. The Indians were moved from AL to Eastern OK. We now have “Indian nations” in Oklahoma. The Choctaws are in the east, the Chickasaws are in the south, the Cherokees are in the NE. The Cheyenne-Arapaho are in the west. There are others. Most of these nations actually have an embassy in DC.

  5. Cale Glenn

    Can u blame the natives for being hostile? They were forced from their land by greedy settlers that wanted it. I would have fought too.

  6. Sheri Munro Pennington

    So wrong and you can thank Andrew Jackson for carrying out Indian removal act .

  7. Marion Beasley

    Any of the towns in Oklahoma were named after the Towns in the Indian territories from which they were removed !!!
    Tishimingo , Iuka , And more !!!!!

  8. John Jason Carden

    As I recall, this is how the 4th Alabama Infantry was created; and it still one of the oldest, military units still serving in the US Military.

  9. Lets not get all outraged over Indian removal. If you knew the history of these tribes…particularly the Cherokee…you would know they were not native to this area but had come from the west…as in the Oklahoma territory! Andrew Jackson was well aware of this history from his early years. He was a captain present at the conversation mentioned here:
    In 1810, John Sevier, the first governor of Tennessee, wrote to his friend Major Amos Stoddard about a conversation he had in 1782 with the old Cherokee chief Oconostota concerning ancient fortifications built along the Alabama River. The chief allegedly told him that the forts were built by a white people called “Welsh”, as protection against the ancestors of the Cherokee, who eventually drove them from the region.
    They were a conquering lot themselves so don’t get misty eyed over their fate. They “removed” quite a few people themselves…and were proud to tell the tales.

  10. Matt Herndon

    This article celebrates the murders of Natives, over the land which they claimed. And then the forced evacuation on the Trail of Tears. What a horrible history to celebrate.

    1. Donald Garnto

      It doesn’t “celebrate” anything. It’s called history. It happened. Learn from it.

    2. Matt Herndon

      One side of the story isn’t history. It is only a tale.

    3. Tonya Moseley Jones

      This article is transcribed from a different time, and yes, it definitely celebrates the murders of Native Americans and makes their murderers out to be hero’s. Makes me sick to my stomach to know that some of my ancestors were probably involved.

    4. Matt Herndon

      I was taught that Columbus was a great man and hero. Donald Garnto – – do you know the two reasons why white settlers thought it was ok to steel the Natives’ land and why they justified the rape and murder of women and children. It’s history. You should learn from it and then recognize the countries and tribes that are still doing it today.

  11. Anthony Tomberlin

    This nation was built on death and destruction, and it continues now. Everything we have and the riches we enjoy are ill, gotton. If you gain from your nations wrong doing, you are doomed.

  12. […] 1830, the United States Congress passed and President Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Bill, and by 1835 the Seminole Indians in Florida were fighting for their land.  The Creek Nation in […]

  13. Walt Sanders

    This is something I hope the American people aren’t proud of. They tried to kill off all the true Americans. The American Indian.

    1. Dudley Thompson

      Still trying to take what little they have left

  14. Barbara Shelton Smith

    only give insight into the white men….doesn’t tell of the suffering and death of the indians….this write up is like they are proud of themselves.

  15. Janet Nelson Eubanks

    Can’t imagine why the Native Americans weren’t happy about being forced from their homes. ((Rolling my eyes))

  16. David Nance

    It would be all full to be forced from you home the Native American had the right to there land and homes. It was not right to force the from there homes . How would you fell if some one forced you from your home that you worked so hard for we lost a lot from moving them from there homes we could have learned a lot of good things from them .

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