Days Gone By - stories from the past

Remarkable! – an 1885 Letter from an Alabama Confederate Soldier residing in Texas

[This is the transcription of a letter written in 1885 back to a newspaper in Alabama that tells the location and names of some Alabamians who moved to Texas and describes life in Texas at the time.]

Ellis County, Texas

LETTER FROM TEXAS, FROM J.P. COOPER


Waxahatchie Tex., June 12, 1885

Editor of Republican,

I am originally from Calhoun county and have a great many old friends there who no doubt would like to hear from me in my far away Texas home.

I left Calhoun on the 1st day of Sept. 1868 and paid it a visit in 1869; spent several years in Mississippi and was water-bound one year in Arkansas; then came to this, Ellis County (Texas) the 21st of May 1875 and have spent most of the time here since. I have done almost all kinds of labor, plow, hoe, pick cotton, chop cord wood, maul rails, for three years.

 

Calhoun county map

Moved to Ellis County, Texas

 

I have since that time done business in a small way and held offices; first Constable and Deputy Sheriff; was next elected Justice of the Peace, held that office till I resigned; was last fall elected District Clerk of Ellis county, which office I now hold.

Ellis county is indeed a fine farming country, with as good society as anywhere. our county voted in prohibition the 6th of last Sept. and now we have no Saloons. Crime is lessening. We have good schools. Public schools will last this year 11 months; scholastic age 8 to 16 years; has fine school buildings in almost every school community. Ellis county ranks in wealth and popular 6th in the state.

Several from Calhoun County, Alabama moved to Ellis County, Texas

I find a great many Alabamians here, several from Calhoun county. Now and then I meet an old soldier who was with us during the late unpleasantness. I belonged to the 30th Alabama Regiment, Co. E and lost my arm at Resaca, Georgia the 15th day of May 1864. The company was Capt. McBee’s old company. I learn with sadness that the captain passed away some years ago. Sam Kelly afterwards commanded the company. I would say to the old soldiers who were at Resaca that I attended the soldier’s reunion last summer at Dallas and met two comrades who belonged to Pettus’ (my) Brigade there. I met a great many noted persons, both blue and grey. We will have another reunion at Fort Worth in August t his year. I met a few of the celebrated 10th Alabama here. Capt. Roger Williams, who once commanded a company in that retiment, (sic) lives in my county.

Profit on products good

Now, I wish to speak of our products and in doing so I will try to deal fairly with facts and figures though they may seem somewhat large. We make of corn 35 to 60 bushes per acre and cotton half to one bale, often a bale. Wheat is rather an uncertain crop here, from 8 to 20 bushes. Oats is the most certain of the small grain crops, from 40 to 100 bushels per acre. One hundred bushes of oats is no unusual occurrence.

Vegetables do well here on sandy soil and fruits of almost every description except apple does well as in Alabama, only trees do not last as long as there. In fact I find that our county fills with the more enterprising, the county is made to produce everything that I find elsewhere.

Land is very high here, owing to the fact of Ellis county’s reputation abroad. She has had a large emigration every year for a great many years. Lands are worth in the raw state from $5. to $10., improved land worth $15. to $30. according to improvement.

Population of over 22,000 in 1880

I see a letter in the Republican from a man at Groesbeck. They have a good county as well. As to our population, I cannot tell exactly now, but in 1880 at which time we took census, it was over 22,000. Our voting population at last Fall election was nearly five thousand. Our county is very quiet just now; our jail contains 6 criminals, mostly for misdemeanors; 2 murder cases on our docket; one man sent to the penintentiary (sic) in February term of court.

Mr. Editor, I will wind up my remarks for fear I worry your patience. Should you find space in the dear old Republican you may publish my letter and I will cheerfully answer any questions from my old friends who may wish to more of Texas and Ellis county. Respectfully, J.P. Cooper

 

—————————–

Additional Research on J. P. Cooper yields the following:

From 1880 Precinict 4, Ellis County, Texas census:

 

J. P. Cooper

age 32

birthplace South Carolina

Precinct 4, Ellis, Texas

white

Male

Married

wife – A. E. Cooper

Father’s birthplace – South Carolina

Mother’s birthplace – South Carolina

Occupation – Constable Pre. #4

 

Household Members

J. P. Cooper 32

A. E. Cooper 28

Meta V. Cooper 8

Joseph B. Cooper 5

Willie A Cooper 2

 

Find A Grave Memorial# 19513143 # 54475009

 

SOURCES

  1. Saturday, JUNE 20, 1885 THE JACKSONVILLE REPUBLICAN, Calhoun County, Alabama
  2. 1880 Ellis County, Texas U S. census
  3. Find A Grave Memorial# 19513143 # 54475009

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ALABAMA FOOTPRINTS Exploration: Lost & Forgotten Stories (Volume 1) is a collection of lost and forgotten stories about the people who discovered and initially settled in Alabama.

Some stories include:

  • The true story of the first Mardi Gras in America and where it took place
  • The Mississippi Bubble Burst – how it affected the settlers
  • Did you know that many people devoted to the Crown settled in Alabama –
  • Sophia McGillivray- what she did when she was nine months pregnant
  • Alabama had its first Interstate in the early days of settlement

ALABAMA FOOTPRINTS Exploration: Lost & Forgotten Stories (Volume 1) (Paperback)


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About Donna R Causey

Donna R. Causey, resident of Alabama, was a teacher in the public school system for twenty years. When she retired, Donna found time to focus on her lifetime passion for historical writing. She developed the websites www.alabamapioneers and www.daysgoneby.me All her books can be purchased at Amazon.com and Barnes & Noble. She has authored numerous genealogy books. RIBBON OF LOVE: A Novel Of Colonial America (TAPESTRY OF LOVE) is her first novel in the Tapestry of Love about her family where she uses actual characters, facts, dates and places to create a story about life as it might have happened in colonial Virginia. Faith and Courage: Tapestry of Love (Volume 2) is the second book and the third FreeHearts: A Novel of Colonial America (Book 3 in the Tapestry of Love Series) Discordance: The Cottinghams (Volume 1) is the continuation of the story. . For a complete list of books, visit Donna R Causey

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6 comments

  1. Hi, Donna,

    Thanks for this article. I live in Josephine County, Oregon. I hadn’t read this before. (I worked at the local historical society for several years.) I will send a copy to the Society.

    Martha Arman Murphy

    1. I’m glad you enjoyed it. Donna

  2. I loved the old letter of the Alabama Soldier moving to Texas, coincidentally when Mr. Cooper lost his arm at Resaca my GGgrandfather was captured that same day and died at Fort Gordon, Chicago Il. My GGgrandfather was in the Alabama 42nd Infantry his name was Thomas Herrin from Monroe Co. Al. Keep up the good work, I really enjoy your writing .

  3. Jim Hahn

    “I am o…” – very interesting! 🙂

  4. Very interesting. My relations lived in Cherokee county Al. They later moved from Walker county Ga to Texas. We always wondered why they would leave such a beautiful area. I found out. My great grandpa lost his wife and 3 daughters to TB. He brought the boys and 1 girl to Texas. Maybe they came for the prairie cure? This article provides some insight. Glad Mr. Cooper wrote it.

  5. Our history … I loved it!

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