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The town of Barton, Alabama didn’t move but was located in two counties at various times

Barton, Alabama

Barton, Alabama is located on the west bank of Caney Creek, about one mile from its confluence with the Tennessee River in Colbert County, ten miles west of the county seat of Tuscumbia. Barton was originally where the post office was located when it was a part of Franklin county. The post office operated from 1859 to 1972. When Colbert County was carved from Franklin County in 1867, Barton became a part of the newly created Colbert County.

Barton was originally known as Barton Depot or Barton Station. It was founded in 1906 and named for Armistead Barton, a businessman from Tuscumbia who built Barton Hall  (also known as the Cunningham Plantation) and owned land in the area.

Barton Hall in Cherokee, Alabama 1979 – Architectural History program Q73046Barton Hall/Cunningham Plantation – Old Memphis Road (Gaines Trace Road), Cherokee vicinity, Colbert County, AL

Barton Family – early settlers

Franklin County was established in 1818, but a number of fires destroyed the early records. From Acts of Alabama, 1823-1852, several family of Bartons were inhabitants of Franklin County.

“Armstead Barton was the oldest son of Dr. Hugh Barton, one of ten children. He was also Governor of the Mississippi Territory. In this position, he became a friend to the Colberts, who were leaders of the Chickasaw Indians. Through this friendship, he came into possession of most of the land in the western part of what is now Colbert County.”i

Armistead’s brother, Arthur C. Barton (b. 1806-d. 1891) was an early settler in the Barton area and came into possession of most of the land around Barton. Among other early settlers were the Atkisson, Bayless, Garner, Gibbs, Greenhills, Malone, Pride, Thompson, Palmer, and Rutland families.

During the War Between the States, “a bloody battle engagement took place in 1862 at Barton, between Gen. P. D. Roddy’s troops and the invaders, who were plundering the inhabitants.” Other skirmishes occurred there Apr 17, 1863; Oct. 20, 1863; and Oct. 26, 1863.

Churches and cemeteries

The Barton Cemetery on the Old Lee Highway in Barton, Alabama, was established in 1846 by Robert Leander Garner. It is located around the Old Calvary Baptist Church between the old highway and the highway 72 W.

Zion No. 1, Missionary Baptist Church celebrated its 126th anniversary. Zion No. 1 was formed in 1870, only a few miles from its present location in Barton, Alabama. It is one of the oldest in the State of Alabama in September 1996.

“Arthur Barton, a white landowner, donated the land for this church as a gift to its organizers, who had a phenomenal zeal for worshipping God. The church they built stood for many years. A second building, home of the Pine Grove Methodist Episcopal Church, located on a hill just off Highway 72 in west Colbert County, was purchased from the Methodist Conference by the small Zion No. 1 congregation in 1891 for $300.”

Two more old cemeteries include McCraig Cemetery and Mt. Springs Cemetery, also located in Barton on Mountain Mills Road in a small patch of woods.

Bullet marks on tombstones reveal Civil War damageBarton marker2

Barton marker con

Bullet-marked tombstones in Barton cemetery show evidence of a brisk skirmish here October 26, 1863, when Gen. Peter Joseph Osterhaus’ first division of Sherman’s Corps came under fire from Gen. S.D. Lee’s Confederate troop.

Lee, General Stephen D. Q70General Stephen Dill Lee, Confederate General

Union General Peter J. Osterhaus born in PrussiaUnion General Peter J. Osterhaus born in Prussia

CSA artillery on a hill near a frame church (now Zion No. 1) opened fire at dawn and Union artillery replied from the cemetery. CSA forces retreated to Little Bear Creek. USA forces briefly occupied Tuscumbia, then retreated to Cherokee and abandoned an attempt to advance along the railroad.


  1. Brewer, Alabama (1872), P. 188: Northern Alabama Illustrated (1888), pp. 103-105.
  4. Address by Sen. Howell Thomas Heflin at Zion, No. 1, Missionary Baptist Church 126th Anniversary
  5. Zion Missionary Baptist church 126th anniversary
  6. Rootsweb
  7. Barton Cemetery
  8. Wikipedia

i Roots web


Rutland Cemetery, with link to names of people buried

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  1. Only 2 counties? Lineville has been in three! Talladega and Randolph Counties were formed in NE Alabama after the last Creek Indian session. A town developed on the line separating the two, and appropriately adopted the name “Lineville.” The town thus was in two counties. When Clay County was created in 1866, mostly from Talladega and Randolph, Lineville wound up the middle of the new county. Despite the location it has kept the name Lineville and is the county seat of Clay County.

  2. Daniel Copeland Sarah Copeland Veach Elisabeth Copeland Page Becky Copeland your great grandpaw Thomas Copeland ,Maw Copeland . Amos and Mable Pounders your grandmaws parent and other ancestors are buried there

  3. my husband’s Grandmother, Jennie Howard WALLACE , with her parents Henry & Mary Howard (my husband’s Great Grandparents) are buried in Mountain Mills Cemetery…along Mountain Mills Road…they lived in Colbert Co. in Bartons (or Barton’s Ferry).. Jennie’s husband, Ned Columbus Wallace’s DAD, John Shelby Wallace had worked in the general store in Barton’s Landing..and I think he was the man who drove the ferry across the Tennessee River from Lauderdale Co. to Colbert Co. @ Barton’s Landing…John would take his son Ned with him and that is how Ned met Jennie…Jennie was 18 and Ned was 17 when they married. in 1888..They had a daughter in Nov. 1889 by the name of Maud Wallace…Jennie died shortly after Maud was born…Maud was my husband’s MOTHER….Henry & Mary Howard buried Jennie…they are buried next to her.. Henry was in the Civil War, was wounded, captured in 1863 and released in 1864….

  4. Thanks for history lesson,my grandparents are buried there!!

    1. Hello Jack……My husband Charles W. Cole, who was Jennie Howard Wallace”s GRANDSON, and Maud Wallace ‘s SON passed away March 17 th ,2016 here in California .we were married 66 years… Jennie and her parents are buried in Mountain Mills Cemetery.. Her DAD, Henry Howard ( 1840-1895) has a CIVIL WAR headstone on his grave… some of the family still live in the Tuscumbia area. We were back there in 2001 and 2002, met so many of the relatives, and loved them all…I will always remember those 2 years …such gracious people !!! still keep in touch with them all the time…. I love Lauderdale County, Alabama…. nancy cole

  5. Everything else moved away to avoid the Non-Intercourse Act of 1834

  6. The Civil Wars wrote a song called Barton Hollow. Same place?

  7. Only a few believe these lies. Our history was changed you can write a story and make a person believe its true I know for a fact tome stones was stolen from a family cemetery an pic was stolen. An also land was stolen. God don’t like ugly.

  8. My name is Maranda Barton., and my ancestors were from there. Those who didn’t die there did travel to Cherokee.

  9. Most of my family is buried there.

  10. On the old entrance way you can see some if the bullet holes.

  11. My 4th Great Grandfather Captain Jeremiah Daily was wounded there.

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