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High explosives were once manufactured in many small towns in Alabama

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During WWII, several Alabama small towns manufactured high explosives for the War. Here is a news article from June, 1941 that reveals where the plants were.


Childersburg Plant Addition To Boost Outlay In Alabama

(from The Tuscaloosa News Jun 19, 1941)

Birmingham, Ala., June 19 – (AP) – Manufacture of high explosives at the Childersburg, Ala., ordnance plant, announced officially by the War Department after weeks of unconfirmed rumors, will bring total plant expenditures in North Alabama for defense purposes beyond the #200,000,000 mark.

The Childersburg enlargement for the manufacture of TNT, DNT and tetryl, will add $24, 675, 000 to the $55,000,000 already allocated to the plant for the manufacture of 300,000 pounds of powder daily.

Construction at Childersburg is still in preliminary stages, although rapid progress has been made since work began there late in April.

Steel production in Birmingham and Gadsden

Manufacture of high explosives there will round out North Alabama’s ordnance production to include all of the major essentials for shells. Steel is produced in Birmingham and Gadsden, and shells are forced and machined in a new ordnance plant at Gadsden and at several Birmingham plants converted from civilian uses.

A bag-loading plant at Talladega, costing approximately $13,000,000 will handle most of the Childersburg powder output. At Sheffield, an ammonium nitrate plant is being built at a cost of more than $6,500,000, and an ammunition storage depot is under construction at Anniston, estimates to cost $12,800,000.

Other defense plant construction includes a $35,000,000 aluminum plant at Listerhill, near Muscle Shoals, and a $35,000,000 expansion of the iron and steel industry in the Birmingham district.

Other plants made machinery

Numerous smaller plants have installed new machinery and some have built annexes to handle munitions orders.

Announcement of the Childersburg high, explosives plant brought renewe speculation on the possibility of construction of a shell loading plant within the North Alabama “ordnanc triangle” formed by Birmingham, Gadsden and Childersburg. Usually well-informed sources said a site between Birmingham and Gadsden has been under consideration. Shell loading plants cost up to $35,000,000.

Childersburg plant employed 8,000

Well-informed sources said the high explosives manufacturing operations at Childersburg would add approximately 600 employees to each work shift. The powder plant is expected to employ approximately 8,000 on a three-shift basis.

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  1. Is it true that there was a government sponsored “bus line” that ran several times daily so rural workers had a reliable means of get to jobs at the Childersburg munitions plant?

  2. […] Source: High explosives were once manufactured in many small towns in Alabama | Alabama Pioneers […]

  3. i grew up in Childersburg but the shell plant was before my time…but please tell me how they employed 8000 …running 3 shifts with 600 employs per shift….smh. that is only 1800..

    1. I too grew up there, but the shell plant also was before my time. It is likely that they had many more “day” workers (8 to 5 or 7 to 4) and also shift workers on rotating schedules for the continuous operations that went on. Later industries Coosa Newsprint and Beaunit Mills functioned that way with workers driving from as far as Bessemer.

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