On this date, May 21st two important events occurred in Alabama history.
The Confederate Congress met for the last time in 1861 and the Constitutional Convention of 1901 met to draft the sixth Constitution.
The Congress was first organized as the Montgomery Convention, which marked the formal beginning of the Confederate States of America. Convened in Montgomery, Alabama, the Convention organized a provisional government for the Confederacy and created the Constitution of the Confederate States of America. It opened in the chambers of the Alabama Senate on February 4, 1861.
On February 8, the Convention adopted the Provisional Confederate States Constitution, and so became the first session of the Provisional Confederate Congress. The First White House of the Confederacy was in Montgomery, Alabama.
The Provisional Confederate States Congress, for a time the legislative branch of the Confederate States of America, was the body which drafted the Confederate States Constitution, elected Jefferson Davis as Provisional Confederate States President, and designed the first Confederate flag.
Unlike the later bicameral Confederate States Congress, the Provisional Congress consisted of only one house and its members were referred to as deputies and delegates.
The Second session of the Provisional Congress in Montgomery began on April 29, 1861 and ended on May 21st, 1861.
After Virginia joined the Confederacy in April 1861, leaders urged the move to the larger city of Richmond, which was closer to the military action.
John Tyler, the tenth President of the United States (1841–1845), served as a delegate from Virginia in the Provisional Confederate States Congress until his death in 1862.
May 21, 1901 The Constitutional Convention of 1901 assembled in Montgomery to write Alabama’s sixth constitution.
The 1901 Constitution is still in effect. At 340,136 words, the document is 12 times longer than the average state constitution, 40 times longer than the U.S. Constitution, and is the longest still-operative constitution anywhere in the world.
About 90 percent of the document’s length, as of 2012, comes from its 856 amendments.