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On December 13th Jackson County, Alabama was created – names of early settlers

EARLY JACKSON COUNTY, ALABAMA

Jackson County, Alabama was created by an act of the legislature December 13, 1819. Its territory was formed from that tract of country which had been recently acquired from the Cherokees, lying on the north side of the Tennessee River, south of the Tennessee State line, and east of the Madison County line and of Flint River, after it has left Madison County. The western half of the county was formed into Decatur County, by an act of the Legislature of December 21, 1821.


Woodville was selected by the commissioners of Decatur County, as its seat of justice. Decatur County was abolished in 1824, and its territory divided between Jackson and Madison Counties. In 1836 a part of the abolished county that belonged to Jackson was given to form Marshall.

The County was named in honor of General Andrew Jackson, later President of the United States, who was visiting in Huntsville at the time the legislature was in session there.

The Hermitage – President Andrew Jackson’s home in Tennessee

 

Location and regions of Jackson County

Jackson County is located in the northeast corner of the state. It is bounded on the north by the Tennessee line, on the east by the Georgia state line and De Kalb County, south by Marshall and west by Madison County.

The county comprises three distinct regions, namely, the spurs of the Cumberland Mountains in the northwestern part, the Sequahatchie Valley, extending across the county from northeast to southwest, and Sand Mountain, which occupies the eastern and southeastern section. The topography and geological structures of these regions are quite different. The first is the largest division and is characterized by narrow, level to gently rolling plateaus, with intervening coves and valleys. Its maximum elevation exceeds 1,600 feet. The escarpments of the plateaus are steep and rough. The plateaus are capped with sandstone. The intervening coves and valleys, from northeast to southwest and from northwest to southeast are narrow and usually of rolling topography. The Sequahatchie Valley is three to five miles wide and consists of low hills and ridges.

There are two lines of hills in the region, one on the southeast side of the valley, following the course of the Tennessee River, known as the “River Hills.” The Sand Mountain region is a broad plateau having an elevation of thirteen to seventeen hundred feet above sea level. The topography is level to gently rolling. The edge of this plateau which faces the valley of the Tennessee River is a bold escarpment 600 to 800 feet in height.

Practically the entire drainage of the county is into the Tennessee River, which flows from the northeast in a southwesterly direction. The smaller streams are Paint Rock River, Big Coon Creek, Big Crow Creek, Raccoon Creek, Long Island Creek, and Santa Creek. These streams are not navigable with the possible exception of Long Island Creek and Paint Rock River.

Paint Rock, Alabama (Wikipedia)

Cherokees were the first settlers

Cherokee traditional history holds that their people were the first settlers in the Tennessee Valley, with villages extending as far west as Big Bear Creek. Prior to 1650, they withdrew, for some reason, to the east of the Cumberland and Sand Mountains, using the Tennessee Valley as a hunting ground.

The Shawnees took possession of this abandoned territory in 1660. This act was resented by the Cherokees and in time brought on a war between the Shawnees and the Cherokees, the latter being aided by the Chickasaws, which lasted “nearly five hundred moons.” The allied tribes succeeded in expelling the Shawnees about 1721, driving them across the Ohio River, with the exception of some bands that found a home with the Creeks. About 1760 the Cherokees began again the formation of a settlement in the Tennessee Valley.

Native American Settlements

Located in the southern part of the Cherokee Country and traversed by the Tennessee River, evidence of the early settlement is frequently met with. Coosada, a small mixed town was situated on South bank of the Tennessee River at what is now called Larkins Landing.

Crowtown one of the “five lower towns on the Tennessee,” was situated on Crow Creek a half mile from its confluence with the Tennessee Long Island town, the only other of the “Five lower towns,” situated in Alabama, was on Long Island in the Tennessee River at Bridgeport. Santa was situated on North Santa Creek, about five miles from Scottsboro. Here it is said Sequoyah first made known his invention of the Cherokee alphabet.

The western part of Jackson County became an American possession by the treaty of February 21, 1819, the eastern part by the treaty of New Echota, December 29, 1835.

Mounds in this county are located: on west bank of Tennessee River, one mile above Bridgeport; three small mounds on west bank of the Tennessee River three miles below Bridgeport; two mounds just above Widow’s Creek; four mounds near Williams or Lone Oak landing on property of Judge J. J. Williams containing many burials; burial mound on property of J. H. Cameron about ten miles below Bridgeport Island; two mounds on Rudder place opposite and just above the former; two mounds at Snodgrass landing; cemeteries and dwelling sites near Garland’s ferry, in which have been found many burials. These burials, like many others along the Tennessee River, are enclosed in stone slabs and show characteristics alike to the “stone-graves” further north in Tennessee.

Paint Rock River (Wikipedia)

Seat of justice in a cave

The act of December 13, 1819, establishing the county, designated Santa Cave as the temporary seat of justice. Bellefonte was selected as the place for the courthouse, by the Commissioners who were appointed by an act of December 13, 1821. It remained at this place until 1859, when it was voted to remove it to Scottsboro which was named after an early settler, Robert Scott. The federal troops burned the building at Bellefonte and after the War of Secession, the new courthouse was built at Scottsboro.

Post Offices and Towns.—Revised to July 1, 1919, from U. S. Official Postal Guide. Figures indicate the number of rural routes from that office.

  • Alto Maxwell
  • Aspel Milan
  • Bass Station Narrows
  • Bridgeport—1 Nat
  • Dutton—1 Olalee
  • Estillfork Paint Rock
  • Fabius—1 Plerceton
  • Fackler Pisgah—1
  • Flat Rock—1 Princeton
  • Francisco Rash
  • Gonce Scottsboro (ch)—5
  • Gray’s Chapel Section—2
  • Greerton Smilax
  • Hollytree Stevenston—1
  • Hollywood—1 Sunset
  • Hytop Swain
  • Langston—1 Trenton
  • Larkinsville Wannville
  • Letcher Woodville—1
  • Lime Rock Yucca
  • Long Island—2 Population

Some Jackson County, Alabama towns (jacksoncountyeda.org)

Delegates to Constitutional Conventions

  • 1861 John R. Coffey, J. P. Timberland, W. A. Hood.
  • 1865 Bailey Bruce, W. J. B. Padgett, James Williams.
  • 1867 Charles O. Whitney, Alfred Collins.
  • 1875 Jesse E. Brown, John H. Norwood.
  • 1901 P. W. Hodges, John F. Proctor, Milo Moody.

 

Senators

  • 1820-1 William D. Gaines.
  • 1822-3 Robert McCarney.
  • 1825-6 Robert McCarney.
  • 1828-9 Samuel B. Moore.
  • 1831-2 William Barclay
  • 1834-5 William Barclay
  • 1837-8 Joseph P. Frazier
  • 1840-41 Thomas Wilson
  • 1843-4 Thomas Wilson
  • 1847-8 Joseph P. Frazier
  • 1851-2 Joseph P. Frazier
  • 1855-6 Thomas Wilson
  • 1857-8 William A. Austin
  • 1861-2 F. Rice
  • 1865-6 John H. Norwood
  • 1868 C. H. Whitney
  • 1871-2 C. O. Whitney
  • 1872-3 A. Snodgrass
  • 1873 A. Snodgrass
  • 1874-5 A. Snodgrass
  • 1876-7 L. A. Dobbs
  • 1878-9 L. A. Dobbs
  • 1880-1 P. Brown
  • 1882-3 Preston Brown
  • 1884-5 Ira R. Foster
  • 1886-7 J. L. Sheffield
  • 1888-9 W. W. Harlson
  • 1890-1 Wm. W. Haralson
  • 1892-3 W. H. Bogart
  • 1894-5 W. H. Bogart
  • 1896-7 G. J. Hall
  • 1898-9 George I Hall
  • 1899 (Spec) – George I. Hall
  • 1900-01 Floyd A. Bostick
  • 1903 Floyd Alexander Bostick
  • 1907 J. A. Lusk
  • 1907 (Spec.) J. A. Lusk
  • 1909 (Spec.) Samuel Phillips
  • 1911 C. W. Brown
  • 1915 J. A. Lusk
  • 1919 John B. Tally

 

Representatives

  • 1821-2 William Barclay, Booker Smith, George W. Hopkins
  • 1822-3 William Barclay, Alexander Dulaney, Thomas Bailey
  • 1823-4 William Barclay, Samuel B. Moore, Daniel Peyton
  • 1824-5 William D. Gaines, Samuel B. Moore, Daniel Peyton
  • 1825-6 Philip H. Ambrister, Charles Lewis, Daniel Peyton, John Baxter
  • 1826-7 William Barclay, Samuel B. Moore, William Lewis, Philip H. Arbrister
  • 1827-8 James Russell, Samuel B. Moore, William A. Davis, Daniel Price
  • 1828-9 James Russell, Stearnes S. Wellborn, James Smith, Philip H. Arbrister
  • 1829-30 James Russell, William Barclay, James Smith, James Roulston
  • 1830-1 William Barclay, John Gilbreath, John B. Stephens, Daniel Price
  • 1831-2 Henry Norwood, John Gilbreath, John D. Stephens, Daniel Price
  • 1832 (called) Henry Norwood, John Lusk, Benjamin B. Goodrich, Caleb B. Hudson
  • 1832-3 Henry Norwood, John Lusk, Benjamin B. Goodrich, Caleb B. Hudson,
  • 1833-4 Henry Norwood, Edwin H. Webster, Samuel McDavid, P. H. Ambrister
  • 1834-5 Robert Jones, John Gilbreath, James W. Young, Benjamin Snodgrass, Philip H. Ambrister, Wyatt Coffey
  • 1835-6 Henry Norwood, Joseph P. Frazier, John Berry, William King, Stephen Carter, Washington F. May
  • 1836-7 Robert T. Scott, Joseph P. Frazier, John Berry, William M. King, Benjamin Snodgrass, Samuel McDavid
  • 1837 (called) Robert T. Scott, Joseph P. Frazier, John Berry, William M. King, Benjamin Snodgrass, Samuel McDavid
  • 1837-8 Robert T. Scott, C. M. Cross, Alva Finley, William M. King, Thomas Wilson, Daniel Lucas
  • 1838-9 William Mason, James Williams, Alva Finley, F. A. Hancock, Thomas Wilson, McNairy Harris
  • 1839-40 Robert T. Scott, James William, F. A. Hancock, Thomas Wilson
  • 1840-41 G. R. Griffin, E. W. Williams, Joshua Warren, James Smith
  • 1841 (called) G. R. Griffin, E. W. Williams, Joshua Warren, James Smith
  • 1841-2 William L. Griffin, Philip H. Ambrister, Wm. M. King, James Smith
  • 1842-3 Robert T. Scott, E. W. Williams, Alva Finley, James Munday
  • 1843-4 Benjamin Franks, James Williams, Joseph P. Frazier, F. A. Hancock
  • 1844-5 Robert T. Scott, James Williams, Moses Maples, Williamson R. W. Cobb
  • 1845-6 C. F. Williams, James Williams, W. R. W. Cobb
  • 1847-8 Robert T. Scott, James Williams, F. A. Hancock
  • 1847-8 Robert T. Scott, James Williams, F. A. Hancock
  • 1849-50 Benjamin Franks, Thomas Wilson, J. C. Austin
  • 1851-2 Joshua Stephens, Thomas Wilson, J. C. Austin
  • 1853-4 Robert T. Scott, James M. Green, H. C. Cowan
  • 1855-6 W. R. Larkins, Moses Maples, F. A. Hancock
  • 1857-8 John B. Talley, J. S. Eustace, J. M. Cloud
  • 1859-60 P. G. Griffin, Jonathan Latham, J. M. Hudgins
  • 1861 (1st called) P. G. Griffin, Jonathan Latham, J. M. Hudgins
  • 1861 (2d called) John B. Talley, Jonathan Latham, T. T. Cotman
  • 1861-2 John B. Talley, Jonatham Latham, T. T. Cotman
  • 1862 (called) John B. Talley, Jonathan Latham, T. T. Cotman
  • 1862-3 John B. Talley, Jonathan Latham, T. T. Cotman
  • 1862 (called) P. Brown, J. W. Young, W. H. Robinson
  • 1863-4 P. Brown, J. W. Young, W. H. Robinson
  • 1864 (called) P. Brown, J. W. Young, W. H. Robinson
  • 1864-5 P. Brown, J. W. Young, W. H. Robinson
  • 1865-6 W. J. B. Padgett, James Williams, Henry F. Smith
  • 1866-7 W. J. B. Padgett, James Williams, Henry F. Smith
  • 1868 J. W. Daniel, W. F. Hurt
  • 1869- 70 J. W. Daniel, W. F. Hurt.
  • 1870- 1 W. F. Hurt, J. H. Cowan.
  • 1872- J. H. Cowan, W. F. Hurt.
  • 1872- 3 J. E. Brown, J. H. Cowan.
  • 1873 J. E. Brown, J. H. Cowan.
  • 1874- 5 W. J. Higgins, W. M. Maples.
  • 1875- 6 W. J. Higgins, W. M. Maples.
  • 1876- Wm. McFarlane, Samuel Butler.
  • 1878-9—G. D. Campbell, James Evans.
  • 1880-1—W. H. Robinson, J. H. Vaught.
  • 1882-3—S. H. Glover, C. W. Hunt.
  • 1884-5—W. H. Bogart, I. P. Brown.
  • 1886-7—P. P. St. Clair, W. M. Maples.
  • 1888-9—W. H. Bogart.
  • 1890-1—W.H. Clanton, T. B. Parks.
  • 1892-3—S. W. Frazier, J. H. Roach.
  • 1894-5—W. McC. Maples, J. H. Roach.
  • 1896-7—P. B. Timberlake, Virgil Bouldln.
  • 1898-9—Milo Moody,Calvin Rousseau.
  • 1899 (Spec.)—Milo Moody, Calvin Rousseau.
  • 1899-01-J. R. Johnson, G. W. Bullman.
  • 1903-William Henry Bogart, Samuel Wiley Frazier.
  • 1907-James Armstrong, James S. Benson.
  • 1907 (Spec.)-James Armstrong, James S. Benson.
  • 1909 (Spec.)-James Armstrong, James S. Benson.
  • 1911—J. T. Brewer, W. J. Martin.
  • 1915-C. W. Brown, P. H. Whorton.
  • 1919-J. C. Austin, P. H. Whorton.

 

SOURCES

  • Owen, Thomas McAdory. History of Alabama and Dictionary of Alabama Biography. Chicago: S. J. Clarke   Publishing Co., 1921.
  • WIKIPEDIA

Once Alabama was admitted as a state of the United States of America on December 4, 1819, a great wave of immigrants from other states and countries came by flat-boats, pack-horses, covered wagons and ships to become the first citizens of the state. ALABAMA FOOTPRINTS Statehood presents the times and conditions Alabama first citizens faced in lost & forgotten stories which include:

  • Who Controlled And Organized The New State of Alabama?
  • Tuscaloosa Had Three Other Names
  • Chandelier Falls & Capitol Burns
  • Alabama Throws Parties For General LaFayette
  • Francis Scott Key Was Sent to Alabama To Solve Problems
  • General Jackson’s Visit to Huntsville For A Horse Race Created Discord At Constitutional Convention

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About Donna R Causey

Donna R. Causey, resident of Alabama, was a teacher in the public school system for twenty years. When she retired, Donna found time to focus on her lifetime passion for historical writing. She developed the websites www.alabamapioneers and www.daysgoneby.me All her books can be purchased at Amazon.com and Barnes & Noble. She has authored numerous genealogy books. RIBBON OF LOVE: A Novel Of Colonial America (TAPESTRY OF LOVE) is her first novel in the Tapestry of Love about her family where she uses actual characters, facts, dates and places to create a story about life as it might have happened in colonial Virginia. Faith and Courage: Tapestry of Love (Volume 2) is the second book and the third FreeHearts: A Novel of Colonial America (Book 3 in the Tapestry of Love Series) Discordance: The Cottinghams (Volume 1) is the continuation of the story. . For a complete list of books, visit Donna R Causey

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7 comments

  1. John Michael Little

    In my opinion, the most topographically beautiful county in the state.

    1. Charles Moore
  2. Charles Moore

    My gg-grandmother was Mary Jane ‘Molly’ Doran, the daughter of Samuel Lowery Doran and Linney Russell of Doran’s Cove in Jackson County.

  3. There is no Santa Creek or Santa Cave in Jackson county; you were apparently misinformed or its a typo. SAUTA Creek and cave, however, are here and named for the Cherokee settlement of Sauta, (pronounced ‘Sauty’ by most of the locals), that was located between hiways 72 and 35. There was once a historical marker on hiway 35 near Larkinsville that described Sauta, and told of Sequoia, who invented the Cherokee syllabary, once living there. There is North Sauty which runs under highway 72 west of Scottsboro, and South Sauty is on the other side of the Tennessee River, at the foot of Sand Mountain. Both are popular boating, hunting and fishing attractions here in Jackson county.

  4. I agree with Ken Berry. SAUTA, SAUTY is correct not santa . Thanks for this article about our BEAUTIFUL county! Mr. CARLUS PAGE, a local historian, wrote extensively about the history and genealogy of Jackson county, which he fondly named “the Switzerland of Alabama”

  5. I have visited Paint Rock and Woodville many times, exploring back roads, trying to get a feel for my ancestors’ living environment. It couldn’t be more beautiful!!

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