REV. MAURICE M. ARCHER
BIOGRAPHY and GENEALOGY
(b. 1858- aft. 1896)
Wilcox and Lee County, Alabama
Rev. Maurice M. Archer, son of Mr. A. and Mrs. Mary Archer, was born in Camden, Ala., in 1858. He and his parents were the property (?) of Mrs. It. J. Adams.
He entered the free public schools at an early age but did not long remain, because of his father’s death and because of the demands made upon him as the eldest son in a large family. Mr. and Mrs. J. S. McBryde, seeing that he was a very capable boy, kindly aided him in his studies while he was in their employ. Thus he learned to read and write.
ADDITIONAL NOTE BY TRANSCRIBER: – “As early as 1866, the Columbus Daily Enquirer noted a school for blacks in Auburn established by a Mr. Whidby, an elderly minister of the Methodist Episcopal Conference, who ran the school at no charge to freedmen who wanted to attend.(Lost Auburn: A Village Remembered in Period Photographs, by Ralph Brown Draughon (Jr.), Delos D. Hughes, Ann Bowling Pearson, NewSouth Books, 2012)
At 14 Mr. Archer left Mr. McBryde determined on securing an education. Advancing by various means, he was soon able to teach school. In November 1881, he was baptized into Siloam Church by Rev. A. Gould, which church he served as clerk and superintendent of the Sunday School.
Selma University – a black university, drawing, in Selma, Alabama (The Cyclopedia of the Colored Baptists of Alabama – Their Leaders and Their Work copyright 1896)
Feeling a call to the ministry and desiring to prepare himself for the same, he entered Selma University October 1883, and passed the session of 1884-5, as he says starting with only 20 cents.
By severe sacrifice, by push, pluck and self-reliance, he pressed onward, till in May, 1887, he graduated at the head of his class. He was ordained at Opelika, September 1889, Revs. G. C. Casby, C. R. Rodgers, and others officiating. He has been principal of the Auburn City School.
ADDITIONAL NOTE BY TRANSCRIBER: – “According to one elderly black citizen, the first town-built, public black school was a one-room affair on Foster Street that offered only a few grammar school grades.” (Lost Auburn: A Village Remembered in Period Photographs, by Ralph Brown Draughon (Jr.), Delos D. Hughes, Ann Bowling Pearson, NewSouth Books, 2012)
Mr. Archer is one of our clearest thinkers and most fluent speakers, and his language is especially good.
- The Yazoo land fraud;
- Daily life as an Alabama pioneer;
- The capture and arrest of Vice-president AaronBurr;
- The early life of William Barrentt Travis in Alabama, hero of the Alamo;
- Description of Native Americans of early Alabama including the visit by Tecumseh;
- Treaties and building the first roads in Alabama.