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Coosa County had good schools in the early State of Alabama – Which of these schools still exist?

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Coosa County had good schools in the early State of Alabama – The article below is a transcription exactly as written in 1942

It was desired by the writer to have given a fairly full account of the schools and churches of the county, but he has failed in his efforts in this direction, and must be limited to what he can call up from memory, except as to the Missionary Baptist Churches, which can be more fully set forth as the history of that denomination extending to 1895, written by himself, may be consulted.

Old Salter school building in District 12 of Coosa County, Alabama ca. 1900

(Alabama Department of Archives and History)


Nixburg – outside of Wetumpka

The first school outside of Wetumpka, about which anything is known, was one at Nixburg, taught first perhaps by a Mr. Nix. From the first a school was kept up here and at times it was flourishing, especially was this true when Jerre Gary in the latter forties gave tone to it. He was followed in 1849-50 by a Mr. Kirkpatrick from Tennessee, who was a good teacher.

In 1851, A. G. Brewer, who the year before had a fine school three miles above, took charge of the school at Nixburg, and was very successful, but gave up the school sometime in 1852 to become the editor of The Christian Telegraph, a Methodist Protestant paper of Atlanta. For some years the school was held up to a high standard, and reached its climax under Fred Oliver, after the war.

Oakchoy – 1837 – by John Brown

The next school was in the Oakchoy neighborhood, started in 1837, taught by a Mr. John Brown. Here the children of J. W. Suttle, George Johnson, Spears, and the Harrells received their first school instruction. This school was broken up by a disturbance growing out of a fight between Eli Harrell and Hezekiah Spears, which originated in children’s tales.

Pine Grove – by Charles Bulger

Next, and soon after, Charles Bulger, a nephew of M. L. Bulger, began a school rather in the same section, at Pine Grove, where he taught for two years. This neighborhood has usually kept up a good country school. John W. Brewer, a brother of the writer, taught here two years after the war. At an early period not later than 1837, the Scotch people had a school at the Carolina Church settlement.

Hatcheesofka – from 1840

At Malcolm Smith’s, on Hatcheesofka, (variant of Sofkahatchee) there was a good school at an early date. From about 1840, schools were had in most neighborhoods where there were children enough to form one. It would be tedious and unprofitable to undertake to name all these. Only those most noted will be spoken of. For some years good teachers were employed for the school in the neighborhood of Reuben Jordan. This school had a wealthy patronage.

Factory Schools

About Sockapatoy and Bradford’s Factory schools were maintained and for some years Dr. John N. Slaughter had a very flourishing one called “Washington Academy.”

Alabama Masonic Institute

Rockford kept up a good school from about 1851, called the “Alabama Masonic Institute.” Before this time John Hannon, Thomas Crawford, William Lee, and J. S. Bentley are remembered as teachers who gave the school a start such as it had not before had. He was followed by Geo. E. Brewer, and he in turn by S. B. Brewer.

George E. Brewer, a minister and teacher, was a member of the Alabama House of Representatives from 1857 to 1859 and of the Alabama Senate from 1859 to 1863

George_E_Brewer (1)

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Others are not remembered well enough to state particulars, until after the war, when a Mr. Mackey revived the school. He was followed by T. J. Pennington, who for several years kept the school up well, until retiring to his farm and county superintendency. Since then the school has had several fine teacher.

Other good schools

  • Good schools were also kept up at Equality and in the neighborhood of Joseph and Monroe Parker.
  • Jasper McAdory taught several successful schools, the last at Hanover. At its close he bought the farm of John A. Pylant and quit the school room.
  • Mt. Olive usually kept up a good school.
  • At Buychville a good school was kept up for a good series of years, in fact, hardly ever without one. Among its earlier teachers were Conrad Wall, William Holtzclaw, George E. Brewer, and Major Isaac Hall. Later Fred Oliver there, as wherever he taught, had a very large school. Its present teacher, (1942) who has been there several years, is Samuel Bentley.
  • A good school was usually maintained at Antioch Church, especially in the days of the Rogers.
  • Concord was another neighborhood that usually employed good teachers. John and William Hannon and John Hunter were for years good teachers who taught In different parts of the county.
  • But the ranking school of the county was the Central Institute, a Baptist high school, located on the Plank Road, twelve miles north of Wetumpka. It was instituted and fostered by the Central Baptist Association from 1854 to 1860, when it was sold to Prof. Thomas C, Bragg, who for several years maintained its high standard. The building was a good, well arranged two story brick structure.
  • There was also a good female academy under Mr., Walkley kept up here, contemporaneous with the Institute, which was a male institution.

After the establishment of the Public School System of Alabama in 1856, there has been a steady improvement in the schools of the county. In more recent years, (1942) since Goodwater has become a place of mercantile importance, it has had a good graded school to dispense learning among its young At one time while Capt. John H. Clisby lived in the Weogufka country they had a good school, there, taught by Thomas Crawford, a smart man and in some respects a rare genius.

Fourth grade class on the front steps of a school in Weogufka, Alabama ca. 1932

(Alabama Department of Archives and History)


Among the schools of note, but of brief existence, was an academic one established, by Rev. McAlpine, a Presbyterian minister, at Pine Flat, near the fine home of John A. Graham He was followed by Rev. A. G. Brewer in 1850. It was consolidated with the Nixburg school, in 1851.


  1. HISTORY OF COOSA COUNTY BY REV. GEORGE EVANS BREWE PART II CHAPTER VII EARLY SCHOOLS (This article above has been transcribed exactly as written from The Alabama Historical Quarterly, Vol. 04, No. 02, Summer Issue 1942 by D. Causey)

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Donna R. Causey, resident of Alabama, was a teacher in the public school system for twenty years. When she retired, Donna found time to focus on her lifetime passion for historical writing. She developed the websites www.alabamapioneers and All her books can be purchased at and Barnes & Noble. She has authored numerous genealogy books. RIBBON OF LOVE: A Novel Of Colonial America (TAPESTRY OF LOVE) is her first novel in the Tapestry of Love about her family where she uses actual characters, facts, dates and places to create a story about life as it might have happened in colonial Virginia. Faith and Courage: Tapestry of Love (Volume 2) is the second book and the third FreeHearts: A Novel of Colonial America (Book 3 in the Tapestry of Love Series) Discordance: The Cottinghams (Volume 1) is the continuation of the story. . For a complete list of books, visit Donna R Causey

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