Days Gone By - stories from the past

Did you know that Native Americans introduced settlers to grits and eggs in the south?

Do you love grits and eggs? You can thank the Native Americans for introducing them to our southern diet.

An article from the Tuscaloosa News on October 1, 1961, printed an interesting story from Tallahassee, Florida about the Native Americans and grits and eggs. In 1961 there was archaeological find that dates back to the early 1800s in Alabama which makes a connection to grits and eggs.

Archaeological find at Horseshoe Bend

The article stated the following:

“An archaeological party from Florida State University has brought back evidence that Alabama Indians were enjoying grits and eggs as far back as 150 years ago. Almost an entire eggshell was found by the group during an eight-week dig in the Horseshoe Bend area of the Tallapoosa River around 50 miles east of Montgomery last summer. The digging took place at the site of the old Indian village of Nuyaki for New York.

Horseshoe Bend, Alabama

horseshoe bend

Dr. Charles H. Fairbanks, associate professor of anthropology and archaeology said there were indications that the Indians placed the eggs in sofki, a hominy grits used widely by the Indians. He said the shells were the first indication he knows of that Indians of the southeast included hen eggs in their diet, although it has been known the Creeks and other Indians kept poultry.

Alabama history and genealogy books

The village of Nuyaki was named, said Fairbanks, in honor of the treaty on New York, signed in 1790, in which the Creeks were recognized by the United States as a nation. It was wiped out by Andrew Jackson shortly before he destroyed another village Tohopeka, across the river inside the Horseshoe Bend in 1841.Horseshoe_bend_map

Under a grant from the national park service which is planning a museum in the recently designated Horseshoe Bend National Military Park, the FSU group made the first organized exploration for aboriginal art of an area laid waste in the bloody Creek war.horseshoe bend

Found along with the egg shells were pig and cow bones, shell and bones of land tortoises, wild turkey bones and four large cooking pots.”


The Ten Commandments of Grits

See all books by Donna R Causey

ALABAMA FOOTPRINTS Exploration: Lost & Forgotten Stories (Volume 1)  is a collection of lost and forgotten stories about the people who discovered and initially settled in Alabama.

Some stories include:

  1. The true story of the first Mardi Gras in America and where it took place
  2. The Mississippi Bubble Burst – how it affected the settlers
  3. Did you know that many people devoted to the Crown settled in Alabama –
  4. Sophia McGillivray- what she did when she was nine months pregnant
  5. Alabama had its first Interstate in the early days of settlement


About Donna R Causey

Donna R. Causey, resident of Alabama, was a teacher in the public school system for twenty years. When she retired, Donna found time to focus on her lifetime passion for historical writing. She developed the websites www.alabamapioneers and All her books can be purchased at and Barnes & Noble. She has authored numerous genealogy books. RIBBON OF LOVE: A Novel Of Colonial America (TAPESTRY OF LOVE) is her first novel in the Tapestry of Love about her family where she uses actual characters, facts, dates and places to create a story about life as it might have happened in colonial Virginia. Faith and Courage: Tapestry of Love (Volume 2) is the second book and the third FreeHearts: A Novel of Colonial America (Book 3 in the Tapestry of Love Series) Discordance: The Cottinghams (Volume 1) is the continuation of the story. . For a complete list of books, visit Donna R Causey

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    1. Because of my love for Grits sparked a conversation with a Caucasian male on an elevator. He express to me Grits was a originated by a black person. I did my research and founded that Grits originated from African now I know why I love Grits so much as an African American.

      1. No, grits are a Native American creation, made of maize treatedwith lye. Maize is aNew World plant. Certainly, grits are a staple in the Southern diet, white and black alike.

        1. Ground porridge is found in all cultures. In Africa, you’ll see plenty. Africans coming to America knew what to do with it and created the American varieties everyone seems to love. Native Americans had their version and Africans had theirs. In Africa, Grits is very similar to a dish called Eba. Catesby in 1739, noticed Africans grounding corn to make grits.

  1. Ann Christian Elizabeth West Britt really interesting about horseshoe bend

  2. Mom fixed this every morning before I went to school and she went to work.

  3. Love me some grits and eggs

  4. Is anyone bothered about the plight of the original Americans? … what about this perspective … those Indians had their own society, their own homes, villages/towns … and had heard from other tribes about Andrew Jackson’s vicious purging of other tribes, …were stocked up arrows, arrowheads, and other weaponry, and were still rounded up with other tribes and driven across this country along what is now known as The Trail Of Tears and Mr. Jackson became our POTUS! How many of us are now stocking up on arms and ammo partially due to concerns about our own government?

    1. So, when are you moving back to Europe, Mr. HOLLAND. 😉

    2. Mr. Holland, your are right, too often we forget about the war on the Native American population. We shoulda/coulda learned to all live in this great, prosperous country; The Natives were willing; as proof they signed treaties in which to share and of course, they were betrayed by the almighty ‘civilized’ population and in the name of civilization and greed a war was launched. I wonder often the definition of “civilization’. Like the Civil War the Indian War was won with ‘gun-powder’–one side outgunned by the other. Each fighting method and equipment so different and foreign to each side. The sad side of our history, at least to me.

    3. The Creeks were involved in a religious, fundamentalist-based civil war, inspired by Tecumsah and his brother, Tenskwatawa. Many in the Creek nation took up the battle to kill all whites and their fellow Creeks who wanted to live peacefully with the whites. The U.S. was pulled into this struggle after attacks on settlers which culminated with the massacre at Fort Mimms. This is a very interesting period in American history and cannot be reduced to the overly simplistic view of mean old whites taking the noble Indians land. The British and Spanish were also players in this drama, along with the Choctaws, who aligned with Jackson, and other Creeks who also aligned with Jackson.
      Jackson also often gets a bad rap. He personally protected one of the Indian leaders he fought against after the war and adopted a young boy orphaned by the battle of Horseshoe Bend. I think he sincerely believed the Creeks, and other tribes, best chance at preserving their way of life was to distance themselves from the white settlement of the old south until they could get better established. Many Creeks and Choctaws agreed with him. I’m not sure they were wrong.

  5. Greg Burden Ronald Mac Hightower Sounds good anytime!!!

    1. Thank you Native Americans for another great thing to eat (my favorite sport is eating)!

  6. Slap on some butter, red eye gravy mmmmmm

  7. Battle of Horseshoe Bend. 1814, not 1841.

  8. That would be Native Southern Americans.

  9. Cheese grits and eggs! Great!

  10. I could never get used to them my children eat them so do my grankids I’ll take hash brown potatoes and eggs anytime

  11. Great grits..& eggs. I knew there was another reason I didn’t like Andrew Jackson.

  12. Seems to have been some wires crossed in the names in this article.

    It was Charles H. Fairbanks, and he was from the University of Florida.

  13. Love this site! It’s connecting me to my family’s past.

  14. I think the real reason for the battle at Horseshoe Bend was that the Indians served Jackson’s men cold, gummy grits in “New Yauk” village. That would enrage any Southerner!

    1. Ha-ha–you got a point, Clem. Many people don’t know how to cook grits, and some of them are Southerners. The “cold-gummy grits” are too often what restaurants serve (and I have found them in home cooked meals as well). served along with lumps. There is nothing like a steaming hep-n of smooth grits, eggs, biscuit or toast, couple slices “cooked” bacon—bacon being another item requiring proper cooking as well as biscuits. I like a cup of chicory coffee and I am read for many hours, til noon meal. Yummy, yummy good ole Southern cooking, caint beat it.

  15. Love them with sausage biscuits and gravy.

  16. Caitlyn Patricia Pluard, thank an AI for this. 🙂

  17. But, did they have cheese grits to go with the catfish?

  18. I can’t stand even the sight of girts.

    1. We’ve been eating Grits since some of my ancestors stepped off the boat in Jamestown in 1611.

    2. Too bad…you are missing a treat—perhaps you have only seen the lumpy-gummy kind. But I respect your opinion. Just wondered have you ever tasted them?

  19. I did not know that, but I’m so glad they did!!!

  20. There is a grave marker for my 3rd great grandfather Abel Dockery in the “Old Soldier’s” cemetery at Horseshoe Bend. I don’t know if his body is actually buried there. An inscription on a monument at Horseshoe Bend states “It was here that Andrew Jackson dismissed the troops because of illness.” (may not be exact quote) Elsewhere I read that Abel Dockery died trying to make his way home to Tennesee.
    Also the grave markers are not at their original location. The entire cemetery was moved from its original location.

    Grits and eggs can be great or not. Nothing worse than cold grits and eggs or grits with lumps

  21. Mr. Holland, I agree with you. I am of Creek decent and my ancestors were stripped of their land, animals and all holdings by Andrew Jackson who disregarded the treaty. Let us be very careful as history has a strange way of repeating itself!!!. Could happen again, never know.

  22. Bless them… Tom Burns, Ken McMahan, John Dyer, Bucky Eades..

  23. I did not know this. Very interesting.

  24. Yes. The yankees don’t know what grits are.

  25. Love my grits and eggs! But I must disagree on toppings. I love chopped tomatoes on them as well as butter/cheese.

  26. I like chopped cherry tomatoes, jalopena & green onion. Slice of fresh avocado/lime on the side. Optional cheddar.

  27. I love the shrimp grits

  28. Amazing the number of ‘toppings’….I never thought of ‘topping’ my grits with nothing but butter and lightly salt. To each his own, at least you are getting the healthy nutrition power of grits, however you eat them.
    YEAH for grits!!!

  29. another reason to love Native Americans

    1. You can say that again Mary I love me some grits and eggs nothing better for breakfast or supper.

  30. How interesting,I did not have any idea!

  31. Emily DeWese Glading, we can thank the Native Americans for those grits!!

  32. I had grits and eggs this morning!

  33. I think they introduced popcorn also (I think!).

    1. Me too,,,I know corn,,

    2. Me too,,,I know corn,,

  34. Not sure who put the first cheese in grits but they are great!

  35. When I went to Benning and ordered eggs and potatoes. They brought me eggs and grits. What is this cream of wheat. That’s a grit. And then they brought me coffee mvneve

  36. Grits, eggs, toast, slice tomato, bacon. Good strong black coffee.

  37. Yes! and mixed together on my plate.

  38. Eggs over lite with grits on top . Sop up with buttered toast

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