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Here are the present-day 67 counties of Alabama & the date of formation

Counties of Alabama

Date of Formation

250px-Alabama_counties_mapCounty Court Houses.—By act of December 31, 1822, the sheriffs of the several counties were made the custodians of the court houses thereof, with authority to keep out intruders, have the buildings cleaned, to repair, and otherwise keep in order, and to make a report in reference thereto every year to the county commissioners.—Acts of Ala., 1822, p. 55.

History.—The first county in order of formation was Washington, June 4, 1800, and the last, Houston, February 9, 1903. Washington, 1800, Madison, 1808, Mobile, 1812, and Monroe, 1815 were all created by proclamation of the Governor of the Mississippi Territory.

The counties of Baldwin, 1809, Clarke, 1812, and Montgomery, 1816, were established by the Mississippi Territorial Legislature. These counties were all that were established when the Alabama Territory was created by Act of Congress March 3, 1817.

The first session of the first Territorial Legislature created Blount, Cahaba (now Bibb), Conecuh, Cotaco (now Morgan), Dallas, Franklin, Lauderdale, Lawrence,- Limestone, Marengo, Marion, Shelby and Tuscaloosa; and the second session the counties of Autauga and St. Clair.

The first state legislature, 1819, established Butler, Greene, Henry, Jackson, Jefferson, Perry and Wilcox. The second session, 1820, created Pickens. The third session, 1821, Covington and Pike; the fifth session, 1823, Walker; the sixth session, 1824, Dale and Fayette; and the eleventh session, 1830, Lowndes.

The Creek cession, 1832, of conferring east Alabama, was organized by the establishment of Barbour. Benton, now Calhoun, Chambers, Coosa, Macon, Randolph, Russell, Talladega and Tallapoosa. Sumter County was formed 1832 from the Choctaw cession. Out of the Cherokee cession were made Cherokee, DeKalb and Marshall.St_Stephens flag

In 1841, the legislature created Coffee, and in 1847 Choctaw. No others were formed until immediately following the war, when there were many changes, including Bullock, Clay, Cleburne, Crenshaw, Elmore, Baine (now Etowah), and Lee, 1866; Colbert, Hale and Jones (now Lamar), 1867; Chilton, Escambia, Geneva, 1868; Cullman, 1877, and Houston, 1903.

The counties are variously named. Ten bear names of Indian origin.

After the treaty of Cusseta, entered into March 24, 1832, all of the lands in east Alabama occupied ‘ by the Creek Indians were arranged into Benton, Talladega, Randolph, Coosa, Tallapoosa, Chambers, Russell, Macon and Barbour Counties.

The act also creates Sumter County. It also readjusts various other boundaries to the convenience of the inhabitants by shifting lines here and there. With this act the jurisdiction of the state was extended through definite county organizations, over its entire area.

Acts of Alabama, 1832-33, p. 9. Counties: names, dates formed, and county seats.—The list which follows contains the names of the 67 counties, with original dates of establishment, the names of the several county seats and the origin:

  1. Autauga—Nov. 21, 1819, Prattville –
  2. Baldwin—Dec. 21, 1808, Bay Minette.
  3. Barbour—Dec. 18, 1832, Clayton. – From Creek Indians
  4. Bibb—Feb. 7, 1818, Centerville.
  5. Blount—Feb. 7, 1818, Oneonta.
  6. Bullock—Dec. 5, 1866, Union Springs.
  7. Butler—Dec. 13, 1819, Greenville.
  8. Calhoun—Dec. 18, 1832, Anniston. – From Creek Indians
  9. Chambers—Dec. 18, 1832, Lafayette. – From Creek Indians
  10. Cherokee—Jan. 9, 1836, Center. – From Cherokees
  11. Chilton—Dec. 30, 1868, Clanton.
  12. Choctaw—Dec. 29, 1847, Butler.
  13. Clarke Dec. 10, 1812, Grove Hill.
  14. Clay—Dec. 7, 1866, Ashland.
  15. Cleburne—Dec. 6, 1866. Edwardsville.
  16. Coffee—Dec. 29, 1841, Elba.
  17. Colbert—Feb. 6, 1867, Tuscumbia.
  18. Conecuh—Feb. 13, 1818, Evergreen.
  19. Coosa—Dec. 18, 1832, Rockford. – Cherokee cession
  20. Covington—-Dec. 7, 1821, Andalusia. – From Creek Indians
  21. Crenshaw—Nov. 24, 1866, Luverne.
  22. Cullman—Jan. 24, 1877, Cullman.
  23. Dale—Dec. 22, 1824, Ozark. – From Creek Indians
  24. Dallas—-Feb. 9, 1819, Selma.
  25. DeKalb—Jan. 9, 1836, Ft. Payne. – From Cheokees, in part
  26. Elmore—Feb. 15, 1866, Wetumpka.
  27. Escambia—Dec. 10, 1868, Brewton.
  28. Etowah—Dec. 7, 1866, Gadsden.
  29. Fayette—Dec. 20, 1824, Fayette. – From Creek Indians
  30. Franklin—Feb. 6, 1818, Russellville.
  31. Geneva—Dec. 26, 1868, Geneva.
  32. Greene—Dec. 13, 1819, Eutaw.
  33. Hale—Jan. 30, 1867, Greensboro.
  34. Henry—Dec. 13, 1819, Abbeville.
  35. Houston—Feb. 9, 1903, Dothan.
  36. Jackson—Dec. 13, 1819, Scottsboro.
  37. Jefferson—Dec. 13, 1819, Birmingham.
  38. Lamar—Feb. 4, 1867, Vernon.
  39. Lauderdale—Feb. 6, 1818, Florence.
  40. Lawrence—Feb. 6, 1818, Moulton.
  41. Lee—Dec. 5, 1866, Opelika.
  42. Limestone, Feb. 6, 1818, Athens.
  43. Lowndes—Jan. 20, 1830, Hayneville. – From Creek Indians
  44. Macon—Dec. 18, 1832, Tuskegee. – Cherokee cession
  45. Madison—Dec. 13, 1808, Huntsville.
  46. Marengo—Feb. 6, 1818, Linden.
  47. Marion—Feb. 13, 1818, Hamilton.
  48. Marshall—Jan. 9, 1836, Guntersville. –  From Cheokees, in part
  49. Mobile—Aug. ly 1812, Mobile.
  50. Monroe—June 29, 1815, Monroeville.
  51. Montgomery—Dec. 6, 1816, Montgomery.
  52. Morgan—Feb. 6, 1818, Decatur.
  53. Perry—Dec. 13, 1819, Marion.
  54. Pickens—Dec. 19, 1820, Carrollton. – From Creek Indians
  55. Pike—Dec. 7, 1821, Troy. – From Creek Indians
  56. Randolph—Dec. 18, 1832, Wedowee. – Cherokee session, in part
  57. Russell—Dec. 18, 1832, Seale.
  58. St. Clair—Nov. 20, 1818, Ashville.
  59. Shelby—Feb. 7, 1818, Columblana.
  60. Sumter—Dec. 18, 1832, Livingston. – from Choctaws
  61. Talladega—Dec. 18, 1832, Talladega.
  62. Tallapoosa—Dec. 18, 1832, Dadeville.
  63. Tuscaloosa—Feb. 7, 1818, Tuscaloosa.
  64. Walker—Dec. 26, 1823, Jasper. – From Creek Indians
  65. Washington—June 4, 1800 (Chatham), diatom.
  66. Wilcox—Dec. 13, 1819, Camden.
  67. Winston, Feb. 12, 1858, Double Springs

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About Donna R Causey

Donna R. Causey, resident of Alabama, was a teacher in the public school system for twenty years. When she retired, Donna found time to focus on her lifetime passion for historical writing. She developed the websites www.alabamapioneers and All her books can be purchased at and Barnes & Noble. She has authored numerous genealogy books. RIBBON OF LOVE: A Novel Of Colonial America (TAPESTRY OF LOVE) is her first novel in the Tapestry of Love about her family where she uses actual characters, facts, dates and places to create a story about life as it might have happened in colonial Virginia. Faith and Courage: Tapestry of Love (Volume 2) is the second book and the third FreeHearts: A Novel of Colonial America (Book 3 in the Tapestry of Love Series) Discordance: The Cottinghams (Volume 1) is the continuation of the story. . For a complete list of books, visit Donna R Causey

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  1. I really enjoy Alabama Pioneers. Thanks

  2. What of Decatur county ?

  3. Being a northerner whose father was from Alabama, I find Alabama Pioneers very informative. My ancestors also helped build some of the early counties and churches. I grew up learning all about the state I lived in. Now I’m learning all I can about the state my ancestors lived in.

  4. My Nicholson folks were 1st noted in 1818 in Lawrence Co. My 3rd Great Uncle William’s marriage to Cynthia Hargrove was recorded in Huntsville in the same year. Still there today.

  5. Enjoyed seeing this especially the one about washing clothes. Brings back a lot of good memories especially of my mother and grandmother.

  6. Luv this. Im from La and am living in Clarke Co. So much to learn about it . Especially Walker Springs and surrounding area

  7. Great but funny too, order of formation presented in alphabetical order.

  8. My family goes back to 1810 in Clarke Co.

  9. A.P., keep up the great work.

  10. According to the state of Alabama archives, Winston County didn’t actually become WINSTON until 1858. Before that it was Hancock County.

    “Winston County, Alabama, was created as Hancock County on 1850 Feb. 12 from territory formerly in Walker County. It was named for Gov. John Hancock of Massachusetts. On January 22, 1858, the name was changed to honor Alabama Gov. John A. Winston.”

    1. True, that is the case with many of the counties. County lines moved frequently over the years and there were quite a few counties that only existed a few years. This is a brief list of the current counties and when the area was first established as a county. For a more comprehensive list about each county’s history, the Alabama State Archives should be consulted.

  11. County Seat for Russell Co is Seale. Trying to interpret someone’s handwriting that may have looked like “Scale”

  12. Did y’all forget about Elk County?

    1. This list included only the today’s 67 current counties. Many other counties existed only a short while or were part of the 67 counties. They were not included on this list but I hope to write about them individually in the future. Thanks for the comment.

    2. It is not a current county today. This is only the current county list.

  13. Stan AndStacey Clopton

  14. This information posted here is priceless. Tell me more and how do I sign up, please.

  15. Interesting article – the date for Baldwin county in the list (1908) is a typo that went unnoticed. It is correctly printed (1808) at the beginning of the article. I have just discovered your writings and love reading the history I missed learning as a child in grammar school. Your research and knowledge is amazing.

    1. Thanks for catching that. Donna

  16. So how many do y’all count are in direct violation with the Treaty of Florida in 1821 and the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek with the Choctaw Nation of Indians.

    These are violations of the Non-Intercourse Act 25 U.S.C. 177 of 1834.

    It’s a hard thing to face eviction by EJECTMENT.

  17. Thank you so much; how interesting! Does anyone know the reason behind the relatively large amount of county creation in the 1866-1868 time period (I counted 13). Was this part of some devious plan somehow by the reconstruction government?

    Thanks so much!

  18. Would be more interesting if the county seats listed were the original county seats.

  19. 10 – Cherokee County – County Seat is Centre, Alabama.

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