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Biography: General John Archer Elmore born August 21, 1762 Revolutionary War Soldier

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Autauga County, Alabama

General John Archer Elmore was born in Prince Edward County, Virginia August 21, 1762 to Archelas and Susannah (Morris) Elmore, the former a Quaker. John was the grandson of Thomas and Cicely (Ellison) Elmore, of Kent County, Virginia. (Family Note: Archer Craddock (1790-1824) son of Edmund Craddock and Ann Elmore (daughter of Archelaus Elmore and Susannah Morris) was murdered with a knife in Laurens District, South Carolina in 1824. Brothers Samuel and Isaac Whitmore where charged with the murder. Isaac was acquitted but Samuel was convicted and hanged.

General Elmore was a very, young man when he entered Revolutionary War service under Greene’s command in the Virginia line. He was also with Greene in his tour through the Carolinas and when he surrendered at Yorktown.

For many years Elmore resided in Laurens District, South Carolina where he was a member of the legislature. He married Miss Mary Ann Saxon, on March 1, 1788, and they had five children;

  1. Hon. Franklin Harper Elmore of South Carolina, who succeeded Mr. Calhoun in the United States Senate and remained in South Carolina. Franklin married Harriet Chestnut;
  2. Benjamin F. Elmore, treasurer of South Carolina, who married Sarah Aurora Brevard;
  3. daughter Narcissa Elmore;
  4. daughter Sophia Saxon Elmore, who married George Ross;
  5. and daughter Charlotte Perry Elmore, who married Abner Crenshaw

His second wife, Ann Martin, was a sister of Hon. Abram Martin of Montgomery. She was a member of the famous Martin family of South Carolina and descended also from the Marshall family of Virginia, and from Lieutenant Nathaniel Terry of Virginia.

As a lad of 14, he had gone to South Carolina with Captain Samuel Brady’s Virginia Rangers. He attained the rank of Colonel by the end of that war. After the war he settled in Laurens District, South Carolina where he served as a Representative in the South Carolina Legislature and continued his military service in the militia, attaining the rank of General.

John Archer Elmore moved to Autauga County, Alabama in 1819 where he established the Little Huntington Plantation.  In 1821 he represented the county once in the House of Representatives. He soon became one of the wealthiest men in the county. “His candor, good sense and sociability” were well remembered. He died April 24, 1834. When a new county was formed from Autauga, Coosa, Montgomery, and Tallapoosa Counties on 15 April 1866 the new county was named Elmore in his honor. His home is located just south of Elmore near Rucker Road. It still stands today and is lovingly cared for by his descendants. He is buried in the old family ground at the old homestead “Huntington” in Elmore County, Alabama.

“The legislature was exceedingly anxious to see the laws enforced; and, for that purpose, selected magistrates from among the most respectable and prominent men throughout the State. They discharged the same duties which the Judges of the County Courts had done previous to the adoption of the present Probate system, and as was the practice of Virginia. A few of those now selected must be mentioned merely to show the determination of our then infant State, to give tone and dignity to the administration of the laws, even in inferior courts. For the county of Autauga, for instance, John A Elmore, John Armstrong, Robert Gaston, James Jackson and William R. Pickett were elected magistrates.

General John A. Elmore, one of these justices, was a native of South Carolina, of the legislature of which State he had often been a respectable member. Not long after his removal to Alabama, he represented the county of Autauga in our legislature which then sat at Cahawba. He was a man of firmness and much good sense, and always delivered his opinions, even in common conversation, in a distinct and loud voice, with that candor and honesty which characterized his conduct through life. He had a commanding appearance, was large in person, and, altogether, an exceedingly fine looking man. He delighted in the sports of the chase, being a most successful and spirited hunter, and an agreeable companion in the many camp-hunts in which he engaged with his neighbors and friends. Towards the close of his life, we remember that he presented a dignified and venerable appearance, and we saw him preside as chairman of several large and exciting meetings in the town of Montgomery during the days of nullification.”

John Archer Elmore and Ann had the following children;

  1. John Archer Elmore, Jr. (b. 1808) of Montgomery, who married Laura Maria Martin;
  2. Morris Martin Elmore
  3. William Augustus Elmore, an eminent attorney of New Orleans, who married (1) Mary Ann Morrison (2) Julia Minor
  4. Luther Alfred Elmore
  5. Captain Rush Elmore, a physick who married Susan T. Nesbitt and commanded a company in the Mexican war and later was territorial judge of Kansas;
  6. Henry Marshall Elmore, who judge of the probate of Macon County prior to the Civil War and then afterward moved to Texas, who married Elizabeth Harris;
  7. Laurence Ludlow Elmore;
  8. Winfield Scott Elmore
  9. James Scott Elmore
  10. an infant;
  11. Albert Standhope Elmore, of Montgomery who marred Mary Jane Taylor and was Secretary of State in 1865 and collector of customs at Mobile under President Johnson.

His daughters by his second wife were:

  1. Sarah Terry Elmore, who married Governor Benjamin Fitzpatrick of Alabama;
  2. Elizabeth S. Elmore who married Hon. Dixon H. Lewis of Lowndes County, Alabama;
  3. Ann Harriet Elmore who married Dr. J. T. Hearne of Lowndes County and was living in Montgomery, Alabama in 1904.


  • Albert James Pickett, History of Alabama and Incidentally of Georgia
  • and Mississippi, from the Earliest Period, (Birmingham Book and Magazine
  • Co.: Birmingham, AL, 1962), pp. 662-663 and Dictionary of Alabama Biography, Volume III, page 558]
  • Brewer, Willis, Alabama, Her History, Resources, War Record, and Public Men: From 1540 to 1872 and Memorial Record of Alabama” Published by Brant and Fuller, Madison, Wisc US/CAN 976.1 H2m, v.I. p.931.
  • Tombstone of John Archer Elmore
  • Albert James Pickett, History of Alabama and Incidentally of Georgia and Mississippi, from the Earliest Period, (Birmingham Book and Magazine Co.: Birmingham, AL, 1962), pp. 662-663.
  • Mrs. P. H. Mell in Transactions, of the Alabama Historical Society, Vol. iv, pp. 541-2.
  • Dictionary of Alabama Biography, Volume III, page 558
  • Find A Grave Memorial# 17969022

This biography is included in the E-Book Biographies of Notable and Not-so-Notable  Alabama Pioneers Volume II

About Donna R Causey

Donna R. Causey, resident of Alabama, was a teacher in the public school system for twenty years. When she retired, Donna found time to focus on her lifetime passion for historical writing. She developed the websites www.alabamapioneers and All her books can be purchased at and Barnes & Noble. She has authored numerous genealogy books. RIBBON OF LOVE: A Novel Of Colonial America (TAPESTRY OF LOVE) is her first novel in the Tapestry of Love about her family where she uses actual characters, facts, dates and places to create a story about life as it might have happened in colonial Virginia. Faith and Courage: Tapestry of Love (Volume 2) is the second book and the third FreeHearts: A Novel of Colonial America (Book 3 in the Tapestry of Love Series) Discordance: The Cottinghams (Volume 1) is the continuation of the story. . For a complete list of books, visit Donna R Causey

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  1. […] John A. Elmore. Sr., the chief justice of the Court of Justices of the Peace presided over the first trial on April 12, 1820. There were five post offices in Autauga County, Coosada, Washington, Vernon, Independence, and Statesville. All have all but disappeared. Coosada still exists in a small way in Elmore County. Coosada (Koasati) was an Indian town site and William Wyatt Bibb, the first governor of Alabama settled there in 1818. […]

  2. […] county was given the name of John Archer Elmore, a native of Virginia, a soldier of the Revolution in the Virginia Line, afterward a member of the […]

  3. […] Mr. Hails; Captain John Cheney, whose wife was the sister of Dr. Bellinger; Colonel Bolling Hall, Hon. John A. Elmore, Hon. W. P. Chilton, and a host of others. Among his young friends were Captain James Stewart, now […]

  4. Been to the house and the grounds at Huntington it is breathtaking.

  5. Please note that Greene did not surrender at Yorktown as is stated. Lord Cornwallis surrendered to Washington at Yorktown. Greene’s army never went to Yorktown but continued to force the British into Charleston. If Gen. Elmore was at Yorktown, he was with Washington or Lafayette.

  6. My ancestors of the Dollar family lived in Laurens District, South Carolina at the same time as General Elmore. My direct ancestor was William Dollar of Virginia. He was a veteran soldier of the Revolutionary War in the 2nd Virginia Regiment. He lived for a time in Laurens District, South Carolina. His two sons, William and Joseph, remained in South Carolina after their father moved to the Indiana Territory about 1810.
    Laurens District Deed records

    Book K page 212 Feb 12th 1817 to April 14th 1818

    J.A. Elmore to Wm Dollar for 150 Dollars 96 and 1/2 acres part of grant to Col. Robert McCrary Witnesses included Joseph Dollar D.R. of Nancy Elmore, James Saxon, James Dillard J.P.

    Note: The J. A. Elmore in the deed record was General John Archer Elmore a Revolutionary War veteran and General of the Militia and member of the South Carolina legislature who later moved to Autauga County, Alabama. Elmore County was named for him. His second wife was Nancy Martin Elmore.

    Book K page 264 March 15th 1817 to November 15th 1819

    Wm Dollar deeded 4 acres for 15 Dollars adj. above.( on the Enoree River) to trustees of Huntingdon Academy Elijah Cabaness and George Dillard and others

    The location of the home place of General John Archer Elmore and the Huntingdon Post Office can be seen on a period map referenced in the north eastern part of the county near the Enoree River and to the east of Bird’s Mountain.

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