Days Gone By - stories from the past

Life in a fort in Alabama around 1805 was not without incident as this excerpt from a diary indicates

(Margaret Eades was the wife of Jeremiah Austill of the Legendary Canoe Fight. She, like her husband, was an early pioneer of Alabama. In this autobiography, we hear the actual words of her experiences. Jeremiah Austill’s autobiography is also on Alabama Pioneers. The autobiography was published in The Alabama Historical Quarterly in 1944)


Life in the Fort

Part III

One night our sentinels were hailed by Jere Austill, they came and awoke Father, who went out immediately and let him in. He told Father that the Fort Sinquefield had stampeded, the people all making for our Fort or St. Stephens, and the people in his Father’s Fort, near Suggsville, were in the act of breaking up too, but they had concluded to send him down to the arsenal for a Company of Regulars, and if they could get them, they would hold the Fort.

Location of Fort Sinquefield Read more about the attack at Clarke County Museum

Fort Sinquefield

Mother roused the cook, and gave Jere (Austill) a nice supper at midnight, Father put him over the river and saw the General, told his business, and was glad to hear the order for the Company to come back with him, but Jere begged to be excused, said “Send the soldiers, but I must travel alone.”

Hannah stayed home

We fared very well in the Fort, thanks to Hannah, the faithful servant that stayed at home. She made the garden, milked the cows, churned the butter, raised chickens, and came every other day to the Fort with a large basket on her head. Mother would say, “Hannah, you are a jewel, what would we do without you, thanks to your blue eyes.” So often she said she saw moccasin tracks in the path.

Time passed on with fear and trembling with the grown folks, but we children engaged every moment. I was in every tent in the day, some laughable things would occur. There was a Mrs. Smith, quite an original, she was a very good woman, but violent tempered. The boys took great delight in teasing her, she often threw hot water on them, one day the carpenters were at work building a blockhouse to mount a cannon on the top, two of the men became outrageously mad with each other, and Garner, a great bully, who was always kicking up a fuss, drew a broadax on a defenseless man, screaming he would split him open.

She thought she killed him

The man took to his heels and Garner after him, threw tents over women and children, finally the man ran through Mrs. Smith’s, and Garner after him, full tilt, the old lady grabbed up a three-legged stool, saying ” — dead”, but I let him have it, one corner of the stool struck Garner on the temple, and down he went, blood spurting from his nose. She thought she had killed him dead. She ran over to Mother’s tent and said, “Where is Captain Eades? By the Lord I have killed Garner, and he must put me over the river, for Garner’s folks will string me up if they catch me.”

She ran to meet Father, and he took her to the river and set her over in the canebrake. She said, “Now you go back, and if Garner is dead, you come to the bluff and whistle on your thumbs, then by the Lord Old Betsy Smith is off to the Choctaw Nation.” When Father returned, Garner had been brought around, and after that became a very quiet and peaceful man, never bragged or bullied more during the war.


  1. The Alabama Historical Quarterly, Vol. 06, No. 01, Spring Issue 1944. (Margaret Eades who has left this hitherto unpublished account of her experiences as a young girl, daughter of a pioneer and witness of many of the bloody scenes of the Creek Indian War of 1813-14, married Jeremiah Austill. Mrs. Austill died in 1890 having borne several children whose descendants still live in South Alabama and other sections of the country.)

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ALABAMA FOOTPRINTS: Settlement: Lost & Forgotten Stories

WHERE DO I START? Hints and Tips for Beginning Genealogists with On-line resources (Kindle Edition)

By (author):  Causey, Donna R

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About Donna R Causey

Donna R. Causey, resident of Alabama, was a teacher in the public school system for twenty years. When she retired, Donna found time to focus on her lifetime passion for historical writing. She developed the websites www.alabamapioneers and All her books can be purchased at and Barnes & Noble. She has authored numerous genealogy books. RIBBON OF LOVE: A Novel Of Colonial America (TAPESTRY OF LOVE) is her first novel in the Tapestry of Love about her family where she uses actual characters, facts, dates and places to create a story about life as it might have happened in colonial Virginia. Faith and Courage: Tapestry of Love (Volume 2) is the second book and the third FreeHearts: A Novel of Colonial America (Book 3 in the Tapestry of Love Series) Discordance: The Cottinghams (Volume 1) is the continuation of the story. . For a complete list of books, visit Donna R Causey

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