First Capital of Colonial French Louisiana
“On January 20, 1702, French colonists, led by Jean-Baptiste Le Moyne de Bienville, establish Fort Louis de la Mobile on a bluff twenty-seven miles up the Mobile River from Mobile Bay. The settlement, soon known simply as “Mobile,” moved to its permanent site at the mouth of the Mobile River in 1711. It served as the capital of the colony of Louisiana from its founding to 1718.” (Alabama Department of Archives and History)
Mobile began as the first capital of colonial French Louisiana in 1702. During its first 100 years, Mobile was a colony of France, then Britain, and lastly Spain. Mobile first became a part of the United States of America in 1813, with the annexation of West Florida under President James Madison.
The film and the photographs below, taken around 1900 by the Detroit Publishing Company reveal its heritage with the ornate décor on many buildings.
River packet Jas. T. Staples, Mobile, Alabama – ca. 1906 – Detroit Publishing Company
Check out the historic film footage of President Woodrow Wilson visited Mobile, Alabama in 1913 and changed the course of America’s foreign relations.
Interesting description of a group of people called Cajans around Mobile Alabama written before 1940
Royal Street looking north, Mobile, Alabama between 1905-1915 – Detroit Publishing Company
Spring Hill College, Mobile, Alabama, oldest college in Alabama and oldest Catholic College in Southeast [film & pics]
Dauphin St., Mobile, Alabama – ca. 1909 – Detroit Publishing Company
Gunpowder explodes in warehouse at Mobile and destroys half the town. [pictures & list of wounded soldiers]
ALABAMA FOOTPRINTS Exploration: Lost & Forgotten Stories is a collection of lost and forgotten stories about the people who discovered and initially settled in Alabama.
Some stories include:
- The true story of the first Mardi Gras in America and where it took place
- The Mississippi Bubble Burst – how it affected the settlers
- Did you know that many people devoted to the Crown settled in Alabama –
- Sophia McGillivray- what she did when she was nine months pregnant
- Alabama had its first Interstate in the early days of settlement