Blue Mountain is located in the northern suburbs of Anniston, Alabama, 2 miles from the center of the city. It was one of the cotton-mill and iron-mining sections of the city of Anniston. The population in 1910 was 528. In 2003, part of the town of Blue Mountain was annexed into the city of Anniston, while the remaining portion of the town reverted to unincorporated Calhoun County.
Settled by the Hudgins family
The locality was settled by the Hudgins family in the late thirties and for years was the terminus of the Selma, Rome & Dalton Railroad, being the shipping station for the Oxford furnace.
During the War, the Confederate Government operated both the railroad and the furnace, the iron being shipped to Selma to make “Ironclads” for the Confederacy.
“Thousands of Confederate soldiers trained at the Blue Mountain rail depot and training camp, the group’s members say. Historians and Civil War experts say the site, where industrialists later built the textile mills that became Blue Mountain Industries, was home during the war to a Confederate supply depot and training camp.” 1
Mrs. William Longshore as a child, with her father in Blue Mountain, Alabama ca. 1860s (Alabama Department of Archives and History)
“Leading up to the Civil War’s beginning in the spring of 1861 and through the duration of the Civil War, the camp grew to extend from the railroad tracks near the site of the old textile mill all the way to slopes of Blue Mountain, southeast of where Kmart stands today north of downtown Anniston. The site included a hospital, a prison, and a place for organizing regiments, according to Alexandria resident Mac Gillam.”2
The town was burned in 1864 and its future looked bleak. Finally, Blue Mountain was reestablished as with the advent of the textile industry. Residents in Blue Mountain were employed for decades in the town’s mill but when the textile economy suffered, Blue Mountain declined.
A trust has been formed to preserve the historic site. Interested in the project? Contact Gillam at 256-225-4442 or email [email protected] Contact Starnes at [email protected], or Henderson at 256-310-3910.
- History of Alabama and Dictionary of Alabama Biography, Volume I – BY THOMAS McADORY OWEN, LL.D. Lawyer, Founder and Director Alabama State Department of Archives and History, and author of numerous historical and bibliographical publications
- Armes, Story of coal and iron in Alabama (1910), pp. 180-182, 206.
- Blue Mountain site appeals to Civil War buffs
- Anniston Star – Blue Mountain site appeals to Civil War Buffs
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