Alabama Pioneers HonoredBiographiesGenealogy Information

BIOGRAPHY: Mary Dickerson Pratt born June 1800 Bibb County – photograph

This biography is also in the book Biographies of Notable and Not-So-Notable: Alabama Pioneers (Volume 1)

(Note: There has been some confusion as to Mary’s maiden name (Dickenson or Dickerson. Recent information from an 1899 newspaper article indicate that it was Dickenson)

Mary Dickerson Pratt
Mary Dickenson Pratt



(1800 – 1882)


Mary Dickerson Pratt was a lovely southern lady. Her birthplace was Edgefield County, South Carolina and she was born in December 1800. When she was a child, the family moved to Warren County, Tennessee.

When Mary was 16 years old, her mother died and her father remarried. Mary was unhappy at home so her father gave her a beautiful, spirited horse and put her in the care of friends who were passing through Alabama on their way west. She lived with her sister, Sarah, in River Bend, Bibb County, Alabama until her marriage. One day, young, fun loving, Mary Dickenson finishing a chicken dinner, placed a wish bone over the door and said that, “the first man to walk under it would be her true love.” The old saying was soon put to a test. Sarah’s brother-in-law, Absalom Pratt unexpectedly walked in. He was a stranger to Mary but they fell in love and were married, March 1822. They had twelve children (six boys and six girls).

  1. James Harvey Pratt (b. Dec. 26, 1822 – d. Aug. 27, 1908) married 1st Eliza A. Lucinda Brasell, 2nd Azalee C. Clements.
  2. Rebecca Beavers Pratt (July 12, 1824- d. Feb. 19, 1869) married Robertson Ebenezer Pollock Glass, Sr.
  3. Joab Marion Pratt ( Nov. 28, 1825- July 5, 1845)
  4. John Washington Pratt twin of Joab (Nov. 28, 1825- Dec. 18, 1871 (age 46) buried Shady Grove Cemetery, Panola, Sumter County, Alabama. married a widow of John McLeod, Frances Emmaline Weatheread McLeod – she died Jan 18, 1868. They had one son who was raised by Leonard Callaway Pratt.  John Washington Pratt married again but he died shortly after marriage and his son was sent to his brother to raise.
  5. Richard Hopkins Pratt (Dec. 17, 1828- Sept. 17, 1903) married 1st Amanda Suttle 2nd Arvenza Peters
  6. Leonard Callaway Pratt ( May 4, 1829 – Apr. 27, 1918)
  7. William Fletcher Pratt ( Dec. 20, 1830 – April 17, 1866)
  8. Theodocia Pratt ( Sep. 2, 1832- January 19, 1893) married David S. Weaver
  9. Sarah Myrah Pratt (May 11, 1834- July 20, 1866)
  10. Frances Myra Pratt ( Dec. 3, 1835- March 10, 1862) married John Leith Wallace
  11. Mary Abigail Pratt (May 12, 1839 – July 15, 1845)
  12. Martha Amanda Pratt (July 27, 1841- June 9, 1845)

Shortly after her marriage, Mary was baptized at Enon Baptist Church. Later she became a charter member of Schultz Creek Church in River Bend. Mary Pratt was tall and slender with black hair and blue eyes and a fair complexion. She had an unusually strong character and was a fearless horsewoman who could mount her horse with ease and grace from the ground. She liked and enjoyed jokes on herself, loved all children and called her own “little lambs.”

In the typhoid epidemic of 1845, during the months of June and July, Mary made four sad pilgrimages to the lonely Pratt Cemetery on top of the knoll, a few miles from her home in River bend. The inscriptions on the grey limestone, hand hewn slabs, still standing in the old cemetery, tell their own story, Martha Amanda the youngest child, died June 9, 1845, less than a month later the son Joab passed away. He was a twin of John and aged almost twenty years. A few days later Absalom, the husband and father, followed his children in death and finally little Mary aged six was laid to rest her inscription reading: Mary A. Pratt, May 12, 1830 – July 15, 1845.

Absalom left his family financially secure and Mary took over the responsibility of running the plantation. She ran the grist mill, and operated Pratt’s Ferry. Mary sent all her sons to college, and when the war came, she owned fifteen or twenty slaves and her property was not mortgaged in any way. So proverbial was her fire and energy that through the years when a child descendant showed these traits, they were referred to as the “Dickenson in them”.

When her oldest sons left for the war between the states, their families came to live with Mary for protection. After the last son left, she carried on alone, except for a few faithful slaves who stayed with her. She managed to save her lands from destruction by the Union soldiers. Once, she cut the cables to her ferry, which was her only income, to keep the “Yankees” from crossing over to her side (though this left her with a large part of her income gone, for no other boat could be got in those times. The boat was later located near Mobile, Alabama, but could never be brought back.) She was alone with her daughter and two daughters-in-law and their children at this time, except for a few faithful slaves.

During those war years, and shortly after it’s close, Mary Pratt lost several more of her children. Her daughter Fanny who had married John L. Wallace, died in 1862, and both Sally Mirah and Billy died in 1866. Billy, (Lt. William F. Pratt) had managed to survive the war years but at the close, succumbed to a congestive chill while at home in River Bend on furlough.

When her son John died, leaving a four-year-old son, the child was brought back to River Bend and raised as one of the family in the home of his uncle Leonard C. Pratt. During the last years of her life, a stroke of paralysis left Mary Dickenson Pratt very infirm. She died in the home of the eldest son, James Harvey Pratt, June 4, 1882, and is buried beside her husband in the Pratt Cemetery in River Bend.”


  1. The Heritage of Bibb County, Vol IV by Nan H. Duke,
  2. The Pratt Family written by L. C. Pratt, Jr. July 1898
  3. Ellorine Cottingham Morgan compiled records
  4. Find A Memorial # 118295621 # 118295598 # 118295530 # 118295820 # 118295835 # 118295705 # 118295890 # 118295804 # 30076290 # 20101734


(Transcribed from The Bibb Blade Six Mile, Alabama, June 8, 1882)

DIED – At the residence of her son, J. H. Pratt, in Bibb County, June 4th 1882, Mrs. Mary Pratt.

The subject of this notice was born in December, 1800, in Edgefield District, South Carolina. At an early period in her life her father emigrated to Warren county, Tennessee. In 1817 she came to Bibb county, Alabama, where she was married to Col. Absalom Pratt—whom she survived about thirty seven years. Shortly after her marriage she professed faith in Christ and attached herself to the Baptist Church and therein remained a regular and consistent member to the day of her death– ever exemplifying those peculiar beauties and virtues which adorns a Christian life. After a confinement of nearly three years – always bearing her afflictions with Christian fortitude and resignation—never murmuring, ever ready when the Master should call, she died as she had lived – in the triumphs of a living faith, quietly and peacefully– surrounded by many relatives and friends. Of twelve children only four remain to weep over their loss.


This biography is included in the book Biographies of Notable and Not-so-Notable  Alabama Pioneers Volume I

Biographies of Notable and Not-So-Notable: Alabama Pioneers (Volume 1)

About Donna R Causey

Donna R. Causey, resident of Alabama, was a teacher in the public school system for twenty years. When she retired, Donna found time to focus on her lifetime passion for historical writing. She developed the websites www.alabamapioneers and All her books can be purchased at and Barnes & Noble. She has authored numerous genealogy books. RIBBON OF LOVE: A Novel Of Colonial America (TAPESTRY OF LOVE) is her first novel in the Tapestry of Love about her family where she uses actual characters, facts, dates and places to create a story about life as it might have happened in colonial Virginia. Faith and Courage: Tapestry of Love (Volume 2) is the second book and the third FreeHearts: A Novel of Colonial America (Book 3 in the Tapestry of Love Series) Discordance: The Cottinghams (Volume 1) is the continuation of the story. . For a complete list of books, visit Donna R Causey

Liked it? Take a second to support Alabama Pioneers on Patreon!