Days Gone By - stories from the past

Should we stop using hyphens? [film]

The hyphen is a little sign used in the English language. It unites or joins two or more words, and their respective meanings to produce a third meaning resulting logically from the union.

American ancestors came from many countries to the United States at various times in history and over the years they proudly proclaimed their distinct heritage with hyphens such as Irish-American, Italian-French-American ancestry. Only Native Americans could truthfully say that their entire ancestry, both maternal and paternal, came from America.

“Back of the ‘hyphenated Americans’ nationalities, there seems to be a spirit of assumed superior American patriotism in those using it, incriminating others as un-American. This kind of work neither unites us as a nation nor makes us better Americans.”*

Our ancestors came from many countries to the United States for various reasons and at various times in our history. Immigration has been a major source of population growth and cultural change throughout much of the United States history. “In absolute numbers, the United States has a larger immigrant population than any other country, with 47 million immigrants as of 2015”

All immigrants brought their languages, nationality, and culture with them to America. It often took many generations before they assimilated into the American way of life. Some became legal American citizens while others, usually the older generations, did not.

Nationality is different from citizenship. Legally, citizenship is a “right to have rights” in the United States and there are two primary ways this can be done – – through birthright or naturalization.

Definition of Citizenship from Wikipedia

“Citizenship is the status of a person recognized under the custom or law as being a legal member of a sovereign state or belonging to a nation. A person may have multiple citizenships.”

Definition of Nationality from Wikipedia

“Nationality is a legal relationship between an individual person and a state. Nationality affords the state jurisdiction over the person and affords the person the protection of the state. These rights and duties vary from state to state.” 

The United States experienced waves of immigration during the colonial era, the first part of the 19th century and from the 1880s to 1920.

Hyphens were adopted to describe each group of immigrants as they arrived and gradually assimilated in American society. But the term ‘hyphenated American’ began to be used as a derogatory term as early as 1904.

In a speech from 1916, Teddy Roosevelt stated:

“There is no room in this country for hyphenated Americanism. When I refer to hyphenated Americans, I do not refer to naturalized Americans. Some of the very best Americans I have ever known were naturalized Americans, Americans born abroad. But a hyphenated American is not an American at all.”

Dutch family at Ellis Island 1901 (Library of Congress)

Dutch family at Ellis Island 1901 (Library of Congress)

Should hyphenated nationalities be dropped?

In some circles, the derogatory context of ‘hyphenated Americans’ that was created for political purposes in 1904, has penetrated our treatment of immigrants in the United States today.

Perhaps, there is a time when we should drop the hyphen and simply be identified as Americans with Irish, English, or another ancestry?

What do you think? Share your opinions in the comments below.

*Northern Review, Volumes 2-3 in 1916

1Wikipedia – “United Nations Population Division | Department of Economic and Social Affairs” Retrieved October 3, 2017.

See best-selling books by Donna R Causey

Faith and Courage: 2nd edition -A Novel of Colonial America Inspired by real people and actual events, the family saga of colonial America continues with Ambrose Dixon’s family and their life during Pre-Revolutionary War days of America, intertwined with a love story.

About Donna R Causey

Donna R. Causey, resident of Alabama, was a teacher in the public school system for twenty years. When she retired, Donna found time to focus on her lifetime passion for historical writing. She developed the websites www.alabamapioneers and All her books can be purchased at and Barnes & Noble. She has authored numerous genealogy books. RIBBON OF LOVE: A Novel Of Colonial America (TAPESTRY OF LOVE) is her first novel in the Tapestry of Love about her family where she uses actual characters, facts, dates and places to create a story about life as it might have happened in colonial Virginia. Faith and Courage: Tapestry of Love (Volume 2) is the second book and the third FreeHearts: A Novel of Colonial America (Book 3 in the Tapestry of Love Series) Discordance: The Cottinghams (Volume 1) is the continuation of the story. . For a complete list of books, visit Donna R Causey

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