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On November 29, 1845 – Charter members of Concord Baptist signed a constitution

Concord Baptist Church, Choctaw County, Alabama

(Transcription Written by  Mr. S. W. Wilson, of Butler, Alabama 1946)

The following is a copy of the constitution of the church as signed by the charter members: “Covenant entered into by the undesigned at the constitution of a church called Concord, Sumter County, Alabama, 29th of November, A.D. 1845; viz:— We the undersigned being Baptist by immersion of our faith and as we trust have given ourselves to God and one another in Gospel Bonds, do by the assistance of God agree to observe our duty to God, to ourselves, and Brethren, and to the World according to the directions laid down in the New Testament have agreed to adopt the following by-laws for our government in conference.

“Signed by John Shumake, Zebulon Buckalew, Christopher Goram, Isiah Gardner, Beedy Gardner, Thomas Goodwin, John Powell, Mary Powell, John Phillips, Susan Phillips:, Nancy Bryan, and Sarah Winders.”

Concord Baptist Cemetery (photograph by David Snow at

First twelve years church records lost

The first twelve years of the church records have been lost for more than sixty years and, therefore, the first transactions of the church are not available. However, there is one thing of importance that we have found in Ball’s History of Clarke County, concerning Reverend W. Jacob Parker who died at Grove Hill on March 20, 1875. “He was born December 13, 1818, near Milledgeville, Georgia; professed faith in Christ December 1836 in Montgomery County, Alabama, was baptized by Elder John Robinson near Orion, Pike County, Alabama, on the fourth Sabbath in February 1837; was licensed to preach by Concord Church in Choctaw County in June 1847 and was ordained by the same church in 1849 and entered at once upon the active duties of his ministry.”

Concord Baptist Cemetery (photograph by David Snow at

On November 16, 1851, Brother Parker joined Rehoboth Baptist Church, at Pushmataha, upon its constitution by a letter of dismission from Concord Baptist Church. Most of his ministry was in Clarke and Marengo Counties. The first recorded minutes of the action of the church that we have was in May 1857.

The business of the church ran rather smooth on through the war between the States. However, there are no minutes from September, 1863 until June 1864, these being lost. We Baptists of today often wonder how the Baptist churches in early days carried on their business.

Here is a copy of the “General Rules for calling up business in conference” in 1857:

  • 1st Open conference with prayer and praise.
  • 2nd Invite visiting brethren to seats with us.
  • 3rd Open the door of the church for the reception of members.
  • 4th Call for reference.
  • 5th Enquire into the fellowship of the church.
  • 6th Call for voluntary acknowledgements.
  • 7th Call for business
  • 8th Call for reading the minutes.
  • 9th Dismiss in order.”

These conferences were most always held on Saturday before the regular preaching service. The fifth rule above was the proper time for one member to state any maladjustment with a fellow member of the church or for general contention in the church. Here the charges were made against various members.


Charges against members

A few of the more common charges were: non-attendance, swearing, drinking, dancing, fighting, unchristian-like conduct, and general grievances. For personal reasons none of these charges will be mentioned. Here, may we clear up the misconception of the act of “turning members out of the church” or exclusion of members. It seems to be of general opinion that exclusion meant that a member was forever excluded. This only happened in a case where the excluded member failed to make proper acknowledgements to the satisfaction of the church. Then the church on accepting the acknowledgements would restore the member into the fellowship of the church. Thereby the member was merely excluded from the fellowship of the church and the church did not pass final judgment on his membership. The person who was excluded could not join another church in good standing until proper acknowledgements were made to the former church.

Slaves attended the church

The Negro slaves were admitted to the church just as the white people, and there was a goodly number who were members. They occupied seats in the rear of the old church. After they received their freedom in 1865 they remained members of the church until November 1868 when the following motion was carried:

“The colored people of this church be granted letters and given six months to build a church.”

It was at this time when the Negroes withdrew and constituted the Pleasant Hill Baptist Church, which stands near the site of the old Concord Baptist Church. One note of interest concerning the Negroes occurs in the March 1868 minutes, viz:— “That Elder J. F. Johnson be granted privilege to receive and baptize colored people and to preach to them on the first Sabbath and Saturday before, every month at this place.” He was permitted to hold conference but all business of importance must come before the white membership for decision.


The old time revivals must have been in their height back in 1858. A full account was given of a series of meetings in which five preachers participated, viz:—J. K. Ryan, Hardy Yarbrough, Ambrose Yarbrough, W. Jacob Parker, and M. Wolf. The services began at nine o’clock A.M. with a prayer meeting and preaching at 11 A.M. by one preacher and the invitation by another. They would have dinner on the church grounds and preaching again at 2 P.M. after the same manner as the 11 A.M. services, and preaching again at 7 P.M. in the same order as before. As a result of this meeting 16 whites and one black candidate were baptized. Then in 1868 there were 88 members added by baptism alone. It was in this year that the church voted to extend an arm of the church to the Shugahloaf Schoolhouse. Then in September the church voted to receive the 22 persons that were baptized as a result of a meeting at Shugarloaf Schoolhouse into Concord Baptist Church. Then in October 1868 there was a mass withdrawal of 19 members from the church, but no reason was given. It could have been for the purpose of constituting a new church.

There was another break in the minutes from February 1877, at which time a new book was started, until December 1892.

In 1896 a committee was appointed consisting of J. R. Phillips, J. Wilson, H. P. Wilson, L. A. Brock, and J. W. Powell to investigate the conditions of the church. It was reported that the church was in bad condition and a motion was entered and carried to build a new church at a new location. This location was decided upon to be near the schoolhouse. A committee was named to get funds and arrange for the building of the new church, viz: — J. W. Powell, L. A. Brock, and J. R. Phillips. Another motion was made as follows: “It was agreed that the church enter into a covenant not to allow any burying at the new church and to keep up the cemetary at the old church to be signed by each male member and entered into the church book.”

Moving caused a split

It was also moved to let the old church building stand where it was. The moving of the church caused a split in the church and 20 male and 41 female members withdrew and formed a “new church” in the “old church”. It is not shown in the minutes if and when these members came back into the “Concord Baptist Church”, but it is said that they did, for the old church house was demolished in January 1919 and the inside ceiling sold for fifty dollars.

One amusing thing that is related, but not on record, about this split in the church was the fact that both churches wanted the old church Bible and it was mysteriously shared between the churches for some time. It is evident that this faction has completely been settled, for the old Bible is in the church now. On two other occasions the church was almost torn apart, one in 1892 and one in 1895-96. These two occasions will merely go as mentioned in this review of the church.

Interesting facts

Now as to some interesting facts taken at random from the one hundred years of service of the church.

  • June 19, 1858—The church held a service of foot washing.
  • July 1858—A querry, “Is it prudent or imprudent for a member of a Baptist church to play or have a violin played in or about his house?” The answer was to be given in the next conference but the minutes were torn out of the book.
  • February 1862—A special prayer meeting was called concerning the difficulty of the members.
  • August 1922—Church gave Brother Miller $72 on a “Ford car”.
  • August 1927—Organized a B.Y.P.U.
  • August 1941—Church gave Brother Stone $50 on new car.

The greatest membership was in 1868 with 193 members, and lost 106 members by the meeting of the Association in 1870 when they had 87 members. The longest tenure of any one pastor was J. W. Stone who served continuously for 15 years, while J. K. Ryan served the church four different times with a total of 14 years. The longest tenure of a church clerk was that of E. C. Garrison who served continuously for 22 years with Joe H. Bryan serving 16 years.

Dr. David Bryan, who was ordained in 1907 by this church, is the grandson of David Bryan who was probably one of the first deacons of the church and a very outstanding member of the church for the first 25 years of its service. Dr. Bryan was Concord’s gift to foreign missions. He was a missionary in China for a number of years. He is now retired and living in Richmond, Virginia.

Brother John Brock, the son of Brother D. W. and Mary Phillips Brock, who was ordained at Rehoboth Baptist Church at Pushmataha, can also be claimed as a son of Concord Baptist Church. He is now pastor of Moss Point, Mississippi, where he has been for many years.

Pastors and Deacons

R. S. Gavin, who was ordained in 1897 at Concord, gave a useful life to the ministry of which most of his service was in Mississippi, until his death a few years ago. He was the son-in-law of D. W. and Mary Phillips Brock.

Of those who were former pastors of the church the following are still” living (1944):

  • David Bryan, Richmond Virginia
  • A. H. Miller, Meridian, Mississippi
  • E. C. Osborn, Tennessee
  • J. W. Stone, Meridian, Mississippi
  • A. S. Bentley, Grove Hill, Alabama

The following are the names of the deacons ordained and when as found on the church record. It is to be remembered that we did not have access to all the church minutes

  • J. L. Blanks, September 13, 1857
  • William Cranberry, March 1859
  • Harrison Griffis, April 1865
  • David G. Powell, December 1868
  • A. Brock, March 18941
  • J. W. Powell, September 1902
  • W. H. Phillips, Jr., March 1930
  • N. C. Bryan, March 1930
  • J. B. Phillips, Jr., March 1930
  • E. C. Garrison, March 1930
  • E. L. Marsh, November 1941
  • B. B. Cook, November 1941
  • Phillip Garrison, November 1941

Pastors – Tenure

  • Thomas H. Clyatt & From constitution Nathan Slay until 1857
  • B. F. Willis -1857
  • Hardy Yarbrough 1858
  • J. K. Ryan 1859
  • Hardy Yarbrough 1860
  • J. K. Ryan —1861-62
  • J. E. Scott .1863
  • J. K. Ryan 1864-1870
  • Hardy Yarbrough 1871-72
  • J. K. Ryan 1873-1876
  • W. F. Pond 1877-1884
  • J. D. Cook 1885-1887
  • A. J. Hearn 1890
  • W. H. DeWitt 1893-94
  • Charles G. Elliot . 1895-1901
  • J. E. Vaughn 1902
  • I. N. Langston 1903-04
  • Marion Briscoe 1905-1907
  • B. G. F. Stovall 1908
  • David Bryan 1909-10
  • J. D. Cook 1911-? (Minutes gone)
  • A. H. Miller 1916-1923
  • H. B. Harrison 1924-25
  • E. C. Osburn 1926-27
  • J. W. Stone 1928-1943
  • A. S. Bentley 1944-45
  • S. W. Wilson Nov. 1945-

Preachers Ordained Tenure

  • William Jacob Parker 1849
  • R. S. Gavin 1897
  • David Bryan 1907
  • Church Clerks Tenure
  • W. L. Cranberry May 1857—-Nov. 1857
  • J. L. Blanks Nov. 1857—July 1859
  • B. L. Howse July 1859—Oct. 1861
  • P. P. Culpepper Oct. 1861—Apr. 1863 (Called to Army)
  • John L. Phillips Apr. 1863—Nov. 1864
  • B. L. Howse Nov. 1864—Oct. 1865
  • P. P. Culpepper Oct. 1865—1868
  • William H. Phillips 1868—1876
  • J. R. Phillips 1876 (No minutes until 1892)
  • J. D. Phillips .—1892—Nov. 1896
  • J. S. Phillips .Nov. 1896—1902
  • Joe H. Bryan 1902—1918
  • E. C. Garrison — 1918 till death 1940
  • J. W. Hearn 1940—Feb. 1944
  • Miss Bessie Brock Feb. 1944

1*NOTE: L, A. Brock was elected deacon again July 1896 and resigned in September 1901.


  • The Alabama Historical Quarterly, Vol. 08, No. 01, Spring Issue 1946

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  1. Thanks so much for this information. Zebulon Buckalew, Thomas Goodwin, and John and Mary Powell are my direct ancestors. I have visited this cemetery.

  2. Really interesting!!!!

  3. The names William Cranberry and W. L. Cranberry, should be Granberry. William was a son of Samuel Granberry, b. Nov. 10, 1799, of Stewart and Twiggs Counties, Georgia. Samuel moved to Lauderdale County, Mississippi. William came to Choctaw County, Alabama. The Granberry’s were highly educated, cultured, religious families. The History of Stewart Country, GA., pages 800 – 803 has a good write-up on the Granberry family. J. A. Granberry was Superintendent of Education, Choctaw County, AL., in 1890. William L. Granberry died at his home near Pushmataha, AL., very suddenly, on the 23rd of April, 1892. He leaves a wife and 3 sons. There was also a William H. Granberry living at Pushmataha.

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