EARLY LOWNDES COUNTY, ALABAMA
Lowndes County was inhabited by the Alibamo Indians, whose chief town was Ikanatchaka, or Holy Ground. It was at that place that the Creeks were defeated by General Claiborne’s army, December 23, 1813. William Weatherford had a plantation near the Holy Ground. The Alibamo Indians lost all of their ancestral lands in Lowndes and Monroe counties by the treaty of Fort Jackson, August 9, 1814.
Mural by Roderick D. MacKenzie depicting the surrender of William Weatherford to Andrew Jackson
Located in the Black Belt of Alabama
Lowndes County was created by an act of the Alabama Legislature of January 20, 1830. It was formed from territory taken from Montgomery, Dallas and Butler Counties. The part taken from Butler was afterward given to Crenshaw, thus leaving the county with its present dimensions. It was named in honor of William Lowndes, a distinguished South Carolina statesman.
Situated in the south-central portion of the state, Lowndes County is bounded on the north by Autauga County, on the east by Montgomery and Crenshaw Counties, on the south by Crenshaw, Butler and Wilcox Counties, and on the west by Wilcox and Dallas Counties.
Lying partly in the Black Belt region and partly on Chunnenuggee Ridge, the county is well within the Coastal Plain. The county is drained by the Alabama River and the following: Pintlala Creek; Tallewassee; Holy Ground Creek; Letohatchee or Big Swamp; and Old Town Creek.
There were a large number of cotton, grist, and sawmills in the county. Two railroads traversed the county, the main line of the Louisville and Nashville Railroad, and the Western Railway of Alabama. The Hayneville and Montgomery Railway connects Hayneville with the Louisville and Nashville Railroad at Tyson.
Montgomery, Selma, and Mobile receive most of the cotton and corn marketed. The principal cattle market is New Orleans, but the better grade of beef animals are shipped to St. Louis or Louisville. Dairy and poultry products go to Montgomery, Selma, and Auburn.
Native American remains have been found
Native American remains have been found in those sections of the county bordering on Pintlala and Old Town Creeks and on the Alabama River. Urn burials are found in an extensive cemetery at the mouth of Pintlala Creek. The indications here are clearly pre Columbian. In the vicinity of Mount Willing and on Muscle Creek in the southern part of the county are found further evidence.
Site of Holy Ground, a Creek Indian settlement in present-day Lowndes County, Alabama ca. 1930 (Alabama Department of Archives and History)
The locality was first visited by white men in September 1540, when De Soto and his men passed through on the way from Toasi to Tallse on the right bank of Old Town Creek, immediately at its mouth. No doubt he was met at a point within the county by messengers from Chief Tuscaloosa. Econachacca, the “Holy Ground” an Upland Creek town, was located just below the mouth of the present Holy Ground Creek two and a half miles above the town of Whitehall.
Bluff where William Weatherford leaped with his horse
Remains of the town site are still identified and the bluff from which Weatherford leaped his horse during the engagement here on December 23, 1813, remains intact to this day. At Benton just across the creek from Talise (now in Dallas County) is a large mound immediately on the river bank. Village and workshop sites are to be found on the former Hartley plantation in Sec. 36, T. 13 N. R. 13 E., and on the Lee place. Sec. 32, T. 13 N. R. 14 E.
On Big Swamp Creek in T. 14 N. R. 14 E. is a mound. On the Fisher Merritt place in T. 12 N. R. 14 E. in the extreme southern section of the county is a mound and townsite. Formerly a mound could be observed on the river bank about midway between Whitehall and Benton.
Masonic Hall, Second & Church Streets, Benton, Lowndes County, AL (Library of Congress)
First White Settlers
The first white settlers in the county came from Georgia and Tennessee and the present inhabitants are nearly all their descendants. Hayneville, the county seat, was named for Hon. R. Y. Hayne, of South Carolina.
Lowndes County courthouse in Hayneville, Alabama.ca. 1910 (Alabama Department of Archives and History
Post Offices and Towns.—Revised to July 1, 1919, from U. S. Official Postal Guide. Numbers indicate the number of rural routes from that office.
- Hayneville (ch.)—2
- Mount Willing
- Fort Deposit-—-3
- Saint Clair
- White Hall
Delegates to Constitutional Conventions.
- 1861—James S. Williamson; James G Gilchrist
- 1865—George C. Freeman: James F. Clements
- 1867—Charles A. Miller; William M. Buckley; Nathan D. Stanwood
- 1875—H. A. Carson (colored)
- 1901—C. P. Rogers; Joseph Norwood; Evans Hinson
- 1832-3 — James Abercrombie.
- 1834-5 — Thomas B. Scott.
- 1835-6 — Lorenzo James.
- 1837-8 — John Archer Elmore.
- 1838-9 — James LaFayette Cottrell.
- 1841-2 — John Starke Hunter.
- 1843-4 — James Berney.
- 1844-5 — Archibald Gilchrist
- 1847-8 — Thomas J. Judge
- 1851-2— Walter H. Crenshaw.
- 1855-6 — F. C. Webb.
- 1857-8 — Thomas J. Burnett.
- 1861-2 — Edmund Harrison.
- 1865-6 — Walter H. Crenshaw
- 1868 — W. M. Buckley.
- 1871-2— W. M. Buckley.
- 1872-3— J. W. Jones.
- 1873 — J. W. Jones.
- 1874-5 — J. W. Jones.
- 1875-6— J. W. Jones.
- 1876-7— P. H. Owen.
- 1878-9— W. D. McCurdy.
- 1880-1 — W. D. McCurdy.
- 1882-3 — Willis Brewer
- 1884-5 — Willis Brewer
- 1886-7 — Willis Brewer.
- 1888-9 — Willis Brewer.
- 1890-1 — Mac A. Smith.
- 1892-3— Mac A. Smith.
- 1894-5 — Willis Brewer.
- 1896-7 — Willis Brewer.
- 1898-9— A. E. Caffey.
- 1899 (Spec.)— A. E. Caffey.
- 1900-01— C. P. Rogers.
- 1903 — Joseph Norwood.
- 1907 — Evans Hinson.
- 1907 (Spec.) — Evans Hinson.
- 1909 (Spec.) — Evans Hinson.
- 1911 — C P. Rogers, Sr.
- 1915 — L. E. Easterly.
- 1919— H. M. Cafeey.
- 1834-5 — James LaF. Cottrell; John W. Mundy; John Sally
- 1835-6—Walter Drane; Thomas Davenport; George W. Esselman.
- 1836-7—James LaF. Cottrell; Russell P. McCord; Alfred Harrison.
- 1837 (called)—James LaF. Cottrell; Russell P. McCord; Alfred Harrison.
- 1837-8—James LaF. Cottrell; Russell P. McCord; John P. Cook.
- 1838_9—John A. Tarver; George W. Esselman; John P. Cook.
- 1839-40—Nathan Cook; William Swanson.
- 1840-1—John S. Hunter; Robert B. Campbell.
- 1841 (called)—John S. Hunter; Robert B. Campbell.
- 1841-2—Peyton S. Alexander; John W. Mundy.
- 1842-3—Alfred Harrison; James W. Dunklin.
- 1843-4—Walter Drane; John P. Nail.
- 1844-5—Edward H. Cook; T. J. Judge.
- 1845-6—Edward H. Cook; T. J. Judge.
- 1847-8—James G. Gilchrist; A. B. Forney.
- 1849-50—Jasper M. Gonder; W. C. Swan-
- 1851-2—Jasper M. Gonder; J. S. Williamson.
- 1853-4—Walter Cook; F. C. Webb.
- 1855-6—William Barry; Stephen D. Moorer.
- 1857-8—Duncan McCall; James S. Williamson.
- 1859-60—James G. Gilchrist; Nathan L. Brooks.
- 1861 (1st called)—James G. Gilchrist; Nathan L. Brooks.
- 1861 (2d called)—Hugh C. McCall; Nathan L. Brooks.
- 1861-2—Hugh C. McCall; Nathan L. Brooks.
- 1862 (called)—Hugh C. McCall; Nathan L. Brooks.
- 1862-3—Hugn C. McCall; Nathan L. Brooks.
- 1863 (called)—P. T. Graves; William S. May.
- 1863-4—P. T. Graves; William S. May.
- 1864 (called)—P. T. Graves; William S. May.
- 1864-5—P. T. Graves; William S. May.
- 1865-6—George S. Cox; Nathan L. Brooks.
- 1866-7—George S. Cox; Nathan L. Brooks.
- 1868—T. W. Armstrong; N. A. Brewington; John Ninninger.
- 1869-70—T. W. Armstrong; N. A. Brewington; John Ninninger.
- 1870-1—John Ninninger; William Gaskin; Mansfield Tyler.
- 1871-2—William Gaskin; John Ninninger; Mansfield Tyler.
- 1872-3—W. E. Carson; W. H. Hunter; January Maull.
- 1873—W. E. Carson; W. H. Hunter; January Maull. .
- 1874-5—W. D. Gaskin; Sam Lee; L. McDuffie.
- 1875-6—H. A. Carson; Sam Lee; L. McDuffie.
- 1876-7—Ben DeLemos; R. J. Mayberry.
- 1878-9—J. F. Haigler; W. L. Smith.
- 1880-1—Willis Brewer; J. R. Tyson
- 1882-3—R. W. Russell; James Scarborough.
- 1884-5—G. H. Gibson; L. A. Callier.
- 1886-7—P. N. Cilley; G. H. Gibson.
- 1888-9—A. C. McRee; J. H. Russell.
- 1890-1—W. Brewer; J. D. Prfole.
- 1892-3—Willis Brewer; J. D. Poole.
- 1894-5—C. P. Rogers, Sr.; Chas. A. Whitten.
- 1896-7—C. P. Rogers; J. D. Poole.
- 1898-9—C. P. Rogers; Dr. A. C. McRee.
- 1899 (Spec.)—C. P. Rogers; Dr. A. C. McRee.
- 1900-01—James D. Poole; R. L. Goldsmith.
- 1903—Daniel Floyd Crum; Robert Lee Goldsmith.
- 1907—J. A. Coleman; D. F. Crum.
- 1907 (Spec.)—J. A. Coleman; D. F. Crum.
- 1909 (Spec.)—J. A. Coleman; D. F. Crum.
- 1911—W. D. McCurdy; R. F. Twombly.
- 1915—H. M. Caffey; I. N. Jordan.
- 1919—R. M. Guy; R. R. Moorer.
- Owen, Thomas McAdory, Owen, Marie Bankhead, History of Alabama and Dictionary of Alabama Biography,